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ss{StmsUa:

Ipan tcmK\nb{Wn\v

ans ^e]pjvSnbpw DXv]mZ\tijnbpw hnfIfpsS BtcmKyhpw \ne\npXn anse kqva PohnIġv Imcyamb ]pWvSv. ChbpsS A`mhsam {]h\ Ipdthm kw`hnm ans Dev]mZ\tijn \jvSsSpIbpw tcmKfpsSbpw IoSfpsSbpw B`napJyw hnpIbpw sNpp. kkyġv t]mjIw e`yamIpXn {][m\ {]{Inbbmb ""\yq{Snbv sskn''kqva PohnIfpsS {]h\ns ^eamWv. ssPhhkvXpfn ASnbncnp t]mjIsf AgpI {]{InbbneqsS e`yam, t]mjIsf kkyġv hensSpmhp cq]n ]mIsSpnsbSppI XpSnbh Chbn DsSpp. tcmKtlXpfmb kqva PohnIsf \innm tijnbp D]ImcnIfmb kqjvaPohnI anepWvSv. Ch Xn kpenXmh \ne\n¡pXn\m tcmKtlXpfmb kqjvamWpfpsS AanXamb h\ XSbm\pw AXphgn hnfIsf tcmKfn \npw {]IrXn Zambn kwcnpIbpw sNpp.

hnphcp P\kwJyv B\p]mXnIambn cmPyns `y DXv]mZ\hpw hnntWvSnbncnpp. CXns `mKambn AXypXv]mZ\tijnbp hnn\fpsS D]tbmKw hym]IampIbpw AanXamb cmkhffpsSbpw IoSIpan \min\nIfpsSbpw D]tbmKhpw DssSbp Xo{hhnf]cn]me\ ]cn]mSnI hym]Iambn \SnempIbpw sNbvXp. AXypXv]mZ\tijnbp hnn\fpsS D]tbmKw hnfIsf ]eXcw tcmKġv {]IrXym hnt[bamsp. Xaqew AanXamb IpanIoS\min\nIfpsS {]tbmKw Bhiyambn Xop. AanXhpw XpSbmbpap hnjhkvXpfpsS {]tbmKw anse hnhn[ Xcnep kqjva PohnI Xnep kpenXmhsb XInSw adnpIbpw, D]ImcnIfmb kqjvaPohnIfpsS {]h\w \innpIbpw A\cw ans Dev]mZ\tijn \jvSsSm\pw tcmKfpsSbpw IoSfpsSbpw A[nIyw hnphm\pw CSbmn.hnfsbmsSmw ant\bpw kwcntWvSXv AXymt]nXamWv. CXn\mbn cmkhkvXpfpsSD]tbmKw ]camh[n Ipdv ssPhoIamfneqsS tcmKsfbpw IoSsfbpw \nb{ntWvSnbncnpp. CXns {]m[m\yw DsmWvSv ]e ssPhoI amfpw tcmK\nb{Wn\mbn IsWvSn {]mtbmKnIXen FnnpWvSv.

an kzm`mhnIambn ImWp Nnebn\w IpanfpIġv tcmKImcnIfmb IpanfpIsf \innphm IgnhpWvSv. ss{StmsUa, s]\nkoenbw, Bkv]Pnkv, tbmtUnbw XpSnb C\ġv Cu IgnhpXmbn sXfnbnnpWvSv. Chbn Gsd {][m\yw Alnp HmWv ss{StmsUa. hyXyamb ]cnXnXnbnepw Imemhbnepw Cu Ipan hfcpp. hnfIġv Hcp hn[nepwCh lm\nIcambn {]hnpn. Fpam{Xa, ChbpsS {]h\w ans BtcmKyn\pw sNSnIfpsS hfbvpw klmbIcamsWpw IWvSnpWvSv. anIpantcmKtfbpw ^e{]Zambn \nb{nphm\p IgnhpXn\m CybpssSbp an cmPyfnepw ssPhoItcmK\nb{Wn\mbn ss{StmsUa hym]Iambn D]tbmKnphcpp.

an IWvSphcp ss{StmsUasb ]coWimebn imkv{Xobambn thXncnsSpmhpXmWv. sNSnbpsS thcp]Sen\v Nppap an \npw A\ptbmPyamb amyaw 
(Potato dextrose agar)D]tbmKnv Chsb hfn FSppp. BtcmKyap sNSnIfpsS thcp]Sefnepw Nppap anepw hocyap ss{StmsUa ImWm\p kmyX GsdbmWv. Hmtcm hnfIfpsS tcmK\nb{Wn\pw AXmXp hnfIfpsS thcp]Sen \npw thXncnsSpp ss{StmsUabmWv IqSpX Daw. C{]Imcw thXncnsSpp ss{StmsUa amyan ]qembn 34 Znhkw sImWvSv hfv hcpw. apIpanfpI ChtbmsSmw hfcm kmyXbpXn\m hfsc {im]qw thWw ss{StmsUasb thXncnsSptWvSXv. Bhiyambn hm Chsb hoWvSpw amyan ipoIcnsSpmhpXmWv. tcmKmWpsf \innm\pw sNSnbpsS hfsb XzcnXsSpphm\pap ss{StmsUabpsS Ignhv hfsc hyXyambncnpw. ]eXcw an\npw ss{StmsUabpsS Hcp _rlmb tiJcw thXncnsSpv DWvSmtWvSXmWv. tcmKmWpsf \innphm\p ss{StmsUabpsS tijnbmWv BZyambn \nbntWvSXv. tcmKmWphpw ss{StmsUabpw Hcpt]mse hfcp amyan cWvSp IpanfpIsfbpw Hcpanp hfn ss{StmsUabpsS \ioIcWtijn hnebncpmhpXmWv. i{XpIpanfns\ \innm Ignhp ss{SmsUa hfscthKw hfcpIbpw i{XpIpanfns apIfn ]Sv ]nSnv Ahsb ]qambn \innpIbpw sNpp.

HSphn ]coWw \Snb i{XpIpanfns {]Xew apgph ss{StmsUabpsS kzXknamb ]]q sImWvSp \ndbpp. hn]peamb tiJcn \npw Ghpw IqSpX tijnbp hsb sXcsSpv sNSnnIfn hfnb sNSnIfn {]tbmKnv AhbpsS tcmK \nb{Wtijnbpw sNSnbpsS hf XzcnXsSpphm\p Ignhpw hnebncpmhpXmWv. CXn \npw tcmK \nb{Wn\v tijnbp GXm\pw C\s hoWvSpw sXcsSpv ]coW]mSfnepw IjIcpsS ]mSfnepw \nch[n XhW ]conp t\mnbXn\ptijw Da tijnbphsb IsWvSpp. Chsb ]noSv IjIv D]tbmKnhn[w cq]mcsSpn e`yampIbpw sNpp.

{]h\ coXn 

ss{StmsUa kkyfn tcmK DWvSmpIbn, adnv tcmKtlXpfmb ss^tm^vtXmd, ]nnbw, ssdkIvtSmWnb, ^yptkdnbw apXemb i{Xp IpanfpIsf \innpp. ss{StmsUa DXv]mZnnp, ss{StmUan, hndnkn, sstbmtmIvkn XpSn Bn_tbmnpIfpw ap hnj hkvXpfpw i{XpIpanfpIsf \innpXn {][m\]v hlnpp. ss{StmUabpsS Xp tcmKtlXpfmb IpanfpIfpsS apIfn hfv Ahsb hcnpNpn Blmcamn ampp. IpanfpIfpsS tImisf ebnnphm tijnbp ssInt\kv, qt\kv, skptekv XpSnb FsskapI DXv]mZnnphm Nnebn\w ss{StmsUaIġv km[npw. C{]Imcw hnhn[ coXnbnep {]h\fm ss{StmsUa IpanfpIfpw an ssPhhkvXpfpsS AgpIens\ klmbnppWvSv.As\ ans LS\ kwcnpIbpw ssPhhkvXpfn ASnbncnp t]mjIfpw apw sNSnIġv e`yampIbpw sNpp.

DXv]mZ\coXn 

km[mcWbmbn ss{StmsUasb t]mjIemb\nbn hfn A\ptbmPyamb hmln\nbpambn Ien s]mSn cq]n e`yampp. Dcpfngv sUIvkvt{Smkv emb\n amyan {ZmhI s^satj hgn hymhkmbnImSnm\n ss{StmsUa DXv]mZnnmhpXmWv. ta ]d emb\n AWphnapamn s^sadn \ndtijw amXrIĨ (emb\n : amXrIm IĨ = 100:5) \In, 10 Znhkw hfcm A\phZnWw. s^sadn XpSbmbn hmbp \Im\pw CShnv emb\n Cfm\pw {inWw. ]p Znhks hftbmSpIqSn Hcp ann en amyan 1091011 tImi DWvSmbncnWw. s^adnse emb\nbn av AWpfnm Fv ]cntim[nv DdphcpWw. av AWpfpsWvSn AXv IĨdns KpW\nehmcs _m[npw. 

Sm¡mWv ss{StmsUav Ghpw A\ptbmPyamb hmln\n. Hcp Intem{Kmw Sm¡v s]mSn AWphnapamnb tijw 300 ann en ss{StmsUa emb\n tNv sam\nv anIvkdn cq]sSpn FSpmhpXmWv. 

emb\nbpambn SmIv tNptm GItZiw 25 iXam\w Cuw \ne\nWw. Cuw IqSnbm IĨdn av PohmWp hfcm\pw AXphgn ss{StmsUabpsS KpW\nehmchpw {]h\tijnbpw Ipdbm\pw ImcWamIpw.

hymhkmbnImSnm\n ss{StmsUa IĨ DXv]mZnnptm sUIvkvt{Smkn\pw Dcpfngn\pw ]Icw ]kmc ^mIvSdnbnse samfmkv t{kmXmbn D]tbmKnmhpXmWv.

IjIv kzw Bhiyn\mbn Npcpnb tXmXn honep {]jIp D]tbmKnv ss{StmsUa DXv]mZnnmhpXmWv. ss{StmsUabpsS hfsb klmbnp thn]nmvNmWIsmSn an{inXw \coXnbn s]mSnv kamkaw tNpI. Ipgpt]mIm coXnbn Bhiyn\v Cuw \IpI. Hcp Intem{Kmw tijnbp t]mfns{]meo IhdpIfn 500 {Kmw hoXw an{inXw \ndbvpI. Hcnp hymkhpw Hc Cv hoXnbpap ]n.hn.kn. 
(PVC) hfbneqsS Ih Ibn aSn ]nsImWvSv apdpn ASbvpI. C{]Imcw Xmdmnb IhdpI 1020 en hym]vXnbp {]jIpdn\Iv shůn apmsX Xmv sImSpv ASpn shbvpI. Xo Inv hnkn tItijw 20 an\npt\cw Xo Ipdv htijw AWbvpI. XWptijw IhdpI ]pdsSpv Kymkv hnftm, _Wtdm AXpasæn I\wIqSnb Hcp henb sagpIpXncntbm taipdv Inphv Hmtcm Ihdpw {im]qw Xpdv Hmtcm henb kv]q KpWtabp IĨ(commercial formulation) Hmtcm Ihdnepw Ctijw s]sp Xs ]n XncnsI apdpn ASv d hfbanv amnhbvpI. av AWp {]thinmXncnm\mWv thKn XpdpIbpw ASbvpIbpw sNpXv. 

1012 Znhkw sImWvSv ]\ndnep ss{StmsUabpsS hf IWvSpXpSpw. Hcp {Kman GItZiw 109 tImi/kvt]md ImWpw. C{]Imcw thn]nmv NmWIsmSn an{inXn ss{StmsUa DXv]mZnnv cWvSpamkwhsc kqnphv hnfIġv {]tbmKnmhpXmWv. ta]d an{inXn 30 iXam\w AWphnapamnb SmIvs]mSn tNm CXv 5 amkw hsc tISpIqSmsX kqnmhpXmWv. ImnsXmWvSv ss{StmsUabpsS hfsb klmbnpXmIbm Ch thn ]nmpambn (10%) IqntNv ta¸dcoXnbn ss{StmsUa DXv]mZnnmhpXmWv.

{]tbmKnp coXn

Itmfn InptXm kzbw DXv]mZnnptXm Bb ss{StmsUa ssPhhftmsSmamWv D]tbmKntWvSXv. CXv ss{StmsUabpsS hfpw ZoLImew an hknv {]hnpXn\pw klmbIcamWv. thn ]nmv ss{StmsUabpsS hfsb Gsd XzcnXsSppXn\m NmWIsmSnsbmsSmw Ch Ien D]tbmKnpXv hfsc {]tbmP\IcamWv.

ssPhhfn ss{StmUa Xmdm

DWnsmSn NmWIhpw thn ]nmpw 9:1 F A\p]mXn (90 Intem{Kmw NmWIsmSnbn 10 Intem{Kmw thn ]nmv) Ienb an{inXw XmdmpI. Hmtcm 100 Intem{Kmw an{inXtmsSmw HpapX cWvSp Intem{Kmw hsc ss{StmsUa hnXdnbtijw Bhiyn\v shw Xfnv \Xpt]mse Cfn tNpI. Cuw A[nIambn an{inXw Ipgpt]mImXncnm {]tXyIw {inWw. Cuw A[nIambm an{inXn hmbpe`yX IpdbpIbpw ss{StmsUabpsS hfsb _m[npIbpw sNpp. C{]Imcw Xmdmnb an{inXw XWev HcSn Dbcn Iq\Iqn Cuap Nmtm t]mfno jotm D]tbmKnv aqSpI. HcmgvN Ignbptm Cs\ Xmdmnb an{inXn\p apIfn ]\ndn ss{StmsUabpsS ]q ImWmw. tijw HpIqSn Cfn Bhiyn\v Cuw \evIn hoWvSpw Iq\ Iqn aqSnbnSpI. C{]Imcw Xmdmnb Hcp {Kmw an{inXn 106 ss{StmsUa tImi DWvSmbncnpw. Imn sXmWvSv e`yamsWn AXpw C{]Imcw ss{StmsUa hfm D]tbmKnmw. Cu an{inXw km[mcW ssPhhfw D]tbmKnp coXnbn {]tbmKnmhpXmWv. Cu {]{InbbneqsS sNSnbvv Bhiyap apgph ssPhhfhpw ss{StmsUa D]tbmKnv t]mjnnv ]mSv D]tbmKnphm km[npp. Itmfn Inp ss{StmsUa AXpt]mse ]mSv D]tbmKnm hfsc Npcpnb tXmXn am{Xsa hnfIġv InpIbpq. IqSmsX CXn\v Gsd Nnehpw thWvSnhcpw.

thn ]nmv Ipanfns hfsb XzcnXsSppXn\m CXns Afhv IqpXv \XmWv. thn ]nmv e`yasæn NmWIsmSnbn am{Xambpw taev]c coXnbn hfn ss{StmsUa D]tbmKnmhpXmWv. Fm CXn ss{StmsUabpsS Fw XmcXtay\ Ipdhmbncnpw. ss{StmUa kz`mhnIambn sNdnb AXz kz`mhap an hknpXmIbm tIcfnse an Ipmbw tNmsXXs \coXnbn {]hnpp.

IpcpapfIns {ZpXhmw XSbpXn\v sImSn Hn\v 5 Intem{Kmw an{inXw hoXw CShmXnXpemhjag XpSpXns\mw sImSn Nphnse an tNpI. IpcpapfIv hn DXv]mZnnm D]tbmKnp t]mnwKv an{inXnepw tXmn hnI \Sp Ipgnbnepw ss{StmsUa tN ssPhhf an{inXw D]tbmKnpXv sNSnbpsS IpantcmK{]Xntcm[in h[nnpXn\pw hfsb XzcnXsSppXn\pw Gsd klmbnpw.XmWv. GesNSn \Sptmgpw AgpI \nb{nm\mbn ss{StmUa an{inXw D]tbmKnWw. IqSmsX hjwtXmdpw sNSn Hn\v 5 Intem{Kmw FtXmXn 2.5 Intem{Kmw hoXw CShmXnbnepw Xpemhjnepw agXpSpXnt\msSmw cWvSp {]mhiyambn an{inXw \IpXv DaamIpp.

]dn C\fpsS XhmcWbnepw ]mSpw ImWp thcv Nob F {][m\ IpantcmKn\v ss{StmsUa ^e{]ZamWv. ss{StmsUa hfnb an{inXw XhmcWbnepw ]mSv \Sptmgpw \tIWvSXmWv. DZym\sNSnI \Sm Xmdmp t]mnwKv an{inXnse Imen hfw ss{StmsUa hfn kamn Ipan tcmKsf XSbmhpXmWv.


hm\nebn ImWp AgpI DĸsSbp Ipan tcmK \nb{npXn\pw \ hf InpXn\pw ss{StmsUa {]tbmKw km[yampp. hm\ne \Sptmgpw XpSpw \evIp ssPhhfw thn ]nmpambn tNv ss{StmsUa Ien D]tbmKntWvSXmWv. ImjnI kIemimebn\npw e`np ss{StmsUa temPn {_mntbw 
(T2) ss{StmsUa hncnUn (T6) XpSnbh hm\nebnse tcmK tlXpfmb ss^tm^vtXmd, ^yqtkdnbw, tImfntmss{Sw XpSnb IpanfpIġv hfsc ^e{]ZamWv. BbpthZacppI DXv]mZnnphm\mbn hfp Huj[ kky ssPhIrjn coXnbneqsS DXv]mZnntWvSXns Bhiyw FSpp]dtbWvSXntm. Huj[kkyfn Ipan _m[aqew DWvSmIp AgpI XpSnbp {][m\tcmK XSbpXn\pw \ hf InpXn\pw ss{StmsUa {]tbmKnmhpXmWv. D]tbmKnp ssPhhfn ss{StmsUa hfn XhmcWbnepw ]mSp \Sptmgpw D]tbmKnWw. ZoLImesNSnIġv ta¸dXv IqSmsX hjImev ssPhhfw {]tbmKnpXnt\msSmw \tIWvSXmWv. ss{StmsUa DXv]mZnnp ssPhhkvXpfpsS {]h\m \ hf e`npIbpw sNpw. Fm hnfIfpsSbpw Ipan aqeapWvSmIp thcv tcmK \ ]cn[nhsc A\ptbmPyamb t{StmsUa D]tbmKnv \nb{nmhpXmWv. CXn\mbn hnfIġv \tIWvS ssPhhfw Fmbvtmgpw ss{StmsUa hfn D]tbmKnm {inWw.

Hcp iXam\w hocyap ss{StmsUa emb\n XmhcWbnepw hnfIfpsS Nphnepw HgnpXv \XmWv. ssXI \Sptm thcpI ss{StmsUa emb\nbn (250{Kmw 500 anoen shůn) 15 an\nv htijw \SpXpw {]tbmP\IcamWv.

Itmnt\msSmw ss{StmsUa {]tbmKw

NIncntmdn \npw DXv]mZnnpXv D¸sSbp Fmhn[ Itmnepw AgpI {]{Inbbvptijw ss{StmsUa Hcp iXam\w tXmXn tNpXv hfsc {]tbmP\w sNpp. CXneqsS hfw {]tbmKnp hnfIfpsS thcp ]Sen\pNppw ss{StmsUabpsS {]h\w DWvSmIpIbpw As\ i{XpIpanfpIfpsS hfsbbpw {]h\sbpw \nb{nm\pw Ignbpp. Itmp hfns XpSp AgpIen\v ss{StmsUa klmbIcamWv. Fmhn[ ssPhhfhpw ss{StmsUa Ien D]tbmKnpXv IqSpX {]tbmP\w sNpw.

ap kqvamWpsfmsSmap {]tbmKw

kkyfpsS tcmK\nb{Wn\pw t]mjI e`yampXn\pw ]eXcw kqvamWpsf D]tbmKsSpmdpWvSv. PohmWphfambn D]tbmKnp Atkmkvss]dnw, Aktm_mIvS, ssdtkm_nbw, `mhIw e`yamp ssatmssdk, _mknkv XpSnbhbpambn klhnv t]mIpXn\m ChbpsS Iqmb{]tbmKw km[yamWv. Fm ]e ^ypfpdkv kyqtUmtamWkpw ss{StmsUasb tZmjIcambn _m[npXmbn IWvSnpWvSv. AXn\m D]tbmKnp IĨ klhnpt]mIpw Fp Xobnæn kyptUmtamWkv {]tbmKnv 1015 Znhkġv tijta ss{StmsUa D]tbmKnmhq.

ss{StmsUabpsS e`yX

tIcfnse an \npw thXncnsSp hyXyamb ss{StmUabpsS Hcp tiJcw shmbWn ImjnI tImtfPnse ssat{Im_tbmfPn skdn e`yamWv. {][m\tcmKġv tlXphmb ss^tm^vtXmd, ]nnbw, ^yptkdnbw, ssdtkmIvtSmWnb apXemb IpanfpIsf ^e{]Zambn \nb{nphm Ignhp ss{StmsUa C\sf thXncnv ]mIsSpn FSpnpWvSv. Cu IpanfpIsf hymhkmbnImSnm\n DXv]mZnnv tIcf kwm\ _tbmIt{Sm et_mddn, ImjnIkIemimebpsS {]mtZinIKthjWtI{, ssat{Im_tbmfPn sk apXemb m]\hgn IjIv e`yamppWvSv.

IpcpapfIns {ZpXhmw \nb{nm A\ptbmPyamb ss{StmsUa IsWvSnbnpWvSv. Chbnss{StmsUatemPn{_mntbw 
(T2), ss{StmsUa hncnUn (T6), CUy Cnyqv Hm^v kvss]kv dntkv thXncnv FSp ss{StmsUa lmknbm\w XpSnbh IjI hym]Iambn D]tbmKnphcpp. ss{StmsUa sshdkv (T9), T2XpSnbh Gens AgpIen\v hfsc ^e{]ZamWv. CnbpsS Nobens\ \nb{nm ]nb Hcn\amWv ss{StmsUa hncnUn (T10). hm\ne, ]dn XpSnbhbnse IpantcmKġv A\ptbmPyamb C\fmWv ImjnI kIemimebn thXncnsSp T2, T6 IĨdpI.

{intWvS Imcy
* Ipan \min\ntbmsSmw ss{StmsUa D]tbmKncpXv.
* Ipan \min\n D]tbmKnv 15 Znhkw Ignv am{Xta ss{StmsUa D]tbmKnmhq.
* cmk hftmsSmw D]tbmKncpXv.
* ssPh hfn tNv D]tbmKnpI.
* Nmcw Ie ssPhhfn tNv D]tbmKncpXv.

ss{StmsUa D]tbmKnptm an Cuw DWvSmbncnm {inWw.
* AwKoIrX m]\ hnIknnsSp KpWtabpXpw tIcfnse an\v A\ptbmPyambXpamb ss{StmsUa D]tbmKnm {inWw.
* ]mn ]dncnp Imemh[npn D]tbmKnWw.
* ss{StmsUa sNSnIfpsS DnISv {]hrnmXn\m tcmKtlXpfmb IpanfpI Dn ISv tcmKeWw IWvSpXpSnb sNSnIfn ss{StmUabpsS {]tbmKw Gsd ^ehmIn. 
* _mIvSocnbsImWvSpWvSmIp Ce]pn, hmS tcmKġv Ch ^e{]Za. 

1. IpcpapfIns \gvkdnbn ss{StmsUa {]tbmKw sNSnbpsS \ hfpw hmS tcmKns Xo{hX Ipdphm\pw klmbnpp.

 

ss{StmsUa C\w

sNSnbpsS Dbcw(cm)

tcmKw _m[n sNSn (%)

\in sNSn(%)

T2+ss^tm^vtXmd

24.50

41.54

35.25

T6+ss^tm^vtXmd

24.13

50.00

40.12

T15+ss^tm^vtXmd

35.25

58.45

44.98


T37+ss^tm^vtXmd

23.62

66.67

54.21

T41+ss^tm^vtXmd 

22.25

100.00

90.00

ss^tm^vtXmd am{Xw

21.00

100.00

96.66

tcmKw hcpm\mbn {ZpXhmn\p tlXphmb ss^tm^vtXmd Ipan \evInbncpp.

2. ss{StmsUa {]tbmKw CnbpsS aqSv Nob tcmKw \nb{npIbpw hfbpw hnfhpw h[nnpIbpw sNpp.

 

\evInb ss{StmsUa
C\w

AgpIn\in Nn\pI
%

tcmK Xo{hX kvtIm

sNSnbpsS
Xqw
(g/plant)

hnfhv
(g/plant)

]mSvtcmK
Xo{hX 
kvtIm

]mSv hnfhv
(g/plant)

T12

0.00

0.30

18.60

86.7

2.80

123.30

T13

1.95

1.60

11.70

36.30

3.70

104.16

T6

12.40

2.00

9.80

53.30

   

T8

25.00

4.00

15.60

73.33

   

T22

48.20

4.40

16.10

73.33

   

T7

52.40

4.50

18.40

67.70

   

ss{StmsUa \ImXv

72.70

7.60

8.50

58.0

4.30

91.8

 

3. Nocbn ss{StmsUa Ce]pntcmKw IpdpIbpw hf hnnpIbpw sNpp.

 

hfbpw tcmKXo{hXbpw

ss{StmsUa \InbXv

ss{StmsUa \ImXv

Dbcw (cm)

31.5

25.49

CebpsS Fw

47.66

22.72

sNSnIfpsS Xqw

38.32

9.12

Ce]pntcmK_m[ (%)

16.78

47.63

tcmKXo{hX

0.91

1.57

4. ss{StmUabpw ssatmssdkbpw Hnv \evIpXneqsS IpcpapfIns hmS, Gensbpw CnbpsSbpw AgpI Fo tcmKfpsS Xo{hX tXmfn Ipdmw

 

kqjvaPohn \InbXv

IpcpapfIv hmStcmKw
(kvtIm)

Gew
AgpItcmKw

Cn
aqSpNob

 

tXmw 1

tXmw2

tcmK_m[ 
(%)

\inXv
(%)

Xo{hX 
(kvtIm)

hnfhv
(g/plant)

ss{StmsUa

3.07

1.22

40.20

00.00

3.93

109.33

ssatmssdk

2.88

3.65

28.47

16.00

2.16

126.33

ss{StmsUa+

           

ssatmssdk

2.43

1.57

20.09

00.00

1.90

131.33

Hpw \ImXv

5.86

3.48

52.80

33.33

5.86

88.66

 

 

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Quality People, Infrastructure & Work Culture for Quality Technology, Products & Services. Merit alone counts for quality suitable for the purpose. One has know-how only when it is proven in real life.Copyright 2010 Pineapple Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University. Best viewed in IE 5.5 or above, 1024x768 screen, scripts enabled. Last modified: 23 Jun 2014. Webmaster: Dr. P. P. Joy, Associate Professor & Head, Pineapple Research Station (Kerala  Agricultural  University), Vazhakulam, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India, PIN-686 670, Tel. & Fax: +91 485 2260832, Cell: +919446010905, E-mail: prsvkm@kau.in. Constructive comments, suggestions and criticisms are most welcome and please mail to prsvkm@gmail.com.