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]mj {^qv

s]mffp shbnev bm{X sNbvXp hcp Hcmġv \mbn ]gp Hcp ]mj {^qns Imbv sRn Xpcv Hcp \pffp ]kmcbpw tNp sImSpp t\mq... \mhns\ {Xknnp B a[pchpw icocn\msI Ipfn ]Icp XWppw C{Xam{Xw DffnsemXpnb Hcp ]gw asmn Fp ]dbmw. bmsXmcp sshjayhpanmsX FhnsSbpw A\mbmkw ]Sp Ibdp Cu hffnsSnbn kok Bbngnm \ndsb ImbvI ]nSnpw. Htcm Imbpw ioXf I\nbmWv. Imbv ]kmc tNp Ignmw. AXpasæn kzmZnjvTamb ]m\obw Xmdmn Ignv oWw AImw  Cu hffnsSn Hscw \psS hophfnepapsntem? th\ NqSv AIm {^qntbm ap Ir{Xna ]m\obtfm tXSn t]mtIXn.   

]m, {K\mUn, acmb, kos_ apXemb t]Ifn hnhn[ cmPyfn AdnbsSp ]mj {^qv Nncmbnbmb H hn sNSnbmWv. hfsc thKn hfXpw, ans D]cnXen thXpw Bb Cu hnsNSn AhbpsS sS{SnepI D]tbmKnv FhntSbpw ]nnSnp Ibdphm IgnhphbmWv. hnhn[ hfnep CXns ]pjv] Bscbpw BIjnXpw GXp ]qtmnw AtbmPyhpamWv.

      ]mj {^qn [mcmfw PohI ASnbnpv. {]tXyInv PohIw F. bpw, PohIw kn. bpw. ]mj {^qv kvIzmjv ]t {]knamWv. CXv IqSmsX ImUn, ]v, P}kv, sFkv{Iow, k_v XpSn \nch[n kzmZnjvTamb DXv]ġp thWvSn ]mj{^qv D]tbmKnmw. 

{][m\ambpw aqn\fmWv \psS \mn IphXv; Nphv, a, BImishcn Fv AdnbsSp henb C\amb Pbnv. ]mj {^qv P}kn [mcmfw [mXpehWfpw, hnmanIfpw ASnbncn. IqSmsX \ Nnbpw, aWhpw, Huj[ KpWfpw CXnv.

DjvW taJe cmPyfmb Hmkvt{Senb, lhmbv, kuv B{^n, {_ko apXemb cmPyfn ]mj {^qv [mcmfambn Iph. 90% D]mZ\hpw {_koen \nmWv. s]dp, sh\nkpe, kuv B{^n, {ioe, Hmkvt{Senb apXembhbmWv av {][m\ D]mZ\ cmPy. {_koens ]mj {^qv hmjnI D]mZ\w 5 ew S hw. H sldn \nw GItZiw 14 S ]mj {^qv ChnsS D]mZnn. Cybn ]mj {^qv D]mZ\ns 80% pw hS Ing kwm\fnemWv \SXv. hb\mSv, SIvv, \oeKncn FnhnSfn ]mj{^qv hym]Iambn hfppv. Irjn hIpns Iogn ]memSv Pnbnse s\nbmXnbn {]hnp Hmdv BUv shPn_n ^man, AhnsSs hfcp ]mj{^qv D]tbmKnv  kvIzmjv \nnppvv.  CXv  CXnt\mSIw Xs Gsd P\{]oXn t\Snbnpv. ]mj {^qns \ocv am{Xa, AXns ]pdwtXmSpw D]tbmK{]ZamWv.

]mj {^qv ]gw t\cnpw, P}kmbpw D]tbmKnmw. ]mj {^qv P}kmWv {][m\ambpw IbpaXn sNpXv. bqtdmv BWv ]mj {^qns {][m\ amv. BsI IbpaXnbpsS 90% hpw bqtdmntemWv. Atacn, Im\U, Pm apXemb cmPyfmWv av {][m\ ampI. Cybn, {]tXyInv hSv Ing kwm\fnepw, sXt Cybnepw ]ccmKXambn ]mj {^qv sNdnb tXmXn hoSpIfnepw, apw Irjn sNbvXn. Nph C\amWv Cs\ Irjn sNbvXnXv. Fm Nne ZiIġv apv {ioebn \nw Xangv \mntepw, tIcfntepw sImph abn\w IqSpX AtbmPyambn Ip hcnIbpw sNbvXp. ]mjy {^qv Irjn Fs\ sNbmsa t\mmw.

Imemh

]mj {^qv DjvW taJebnepw kaiotXmjvW taJebnepw \mbn hf. \ NqSpw, km{Xbpap ImemhbmWv ]mj {^qv Irjnv Daw. Dujvamhv, Bt]nI km{X, kqcy{]Imiw, ag apXembh ]mj {^qns hnfhnt\bpw, ImessZLytbpw, IoStcmK _m[Itfbpw hfscb[nIw kzm[o\n. hnns AcWw, hf, aqv, KpW\nehmcw XpSnbhsb Aco Dujvamhv hfscb[nIw kzm[o\nv. 18C apX 35C hsc ]mj {^qv hfsanepw 21C apX 25C hcbmWv Ghpw Daw. hfsc Xmgv Dujvamhv hf dpIbpw t]mjImwifpsS BKncWw kmhImiamIbpw As\ D]mZ\aX dbpIbpw sNp. antXmjvamhn (2328C) Imbv ]mIamIm 60 Znhkw aXn. Cu ssZLyw hfsc XmgvXpw DbXpamb Dujvamhn hyXymksSpXmbn ImWsSp.    

           ]mj {^qv kap{Z \ncn \nw 100 ao apX 1000 ao hsc Dbcn Irjn sNmhpXmWv. Dbcw IqSptmdpw ]mj {^qns Ime ssZLyw IqSnhXmbn ImWsSp. km[mcWbmbn 3 apX 5 hjwhsc ]mj {^qv sNSnI \ne\nsanepw 1200 apX 1400 ao hsc Dbcap efn 8 hjw hsc \ Imbv^ew Xnp kmlNcyfpapv. Aconse Bt]nI km{X GXmv 60% BWv ]mj {^qn\v Ghpw DambnpXv. Db Djvamhpw Xmgv Bt]nI km{Xbpw sNSnbpsS  Pemwiw thKw \sSppXn\m hfapcSnXn\v CSbmw. Db Bt]nI km{Xbpw XpSbmb agbpw IoStcmK_m[sb hnn. AXniamb Impaqew hnI Dept]mhpIbpw, ]qhpIfpw ImbvIfpw Ffpn hot]mIm CSbmIbpw sNp. Imns\ XSp \npXn\v {]Xntcm[ tijnbp apf, bqmen apXemb ac hp]nSnnv CXn \nw c t\SmhpXmWv. \ kqcy{]Imiw ]mj {^qns hfv BhiyamWv. 11 anqdpIfn IqSqX ssZLyap ]I Zn\fmWv Daw. Cs\bp kmlNcyn ]mj {^qv XpSbmbn ]pjvnIbpw an \ Pemwiw Dsn XpSbmbn Imbv^ew XcnIbpw sNp. \ kqcy{]Imiaptm ChbpsS ]q GItZiw 12 aWn hnSIbpw sshInv 34 aWn Btm hmSpIbpw sNp.

       ]mj {^qns XpSbmb \ hfpw Imbv^enw an Bhiyamb Pemwiw DmbncnWw. hjw apgphw {Iaambn e`n 800 apX 1750 annao agbmWv Ghpw A`nImayw. agbpsS A`mhn PetkN\w AXymhiyamWv. Pe Zue`yw aqew ImbpsS hf apcSnpXnw Ce, ]qhv, Imbv, apXembh s]mgnbpXnw CSbmw. agIqSpXep kmlNcyfn {]mWnI aqeap ]cmKWw XSsSpIbpw Bhiyamb {]Imiw e`nmXpsImv hnfhv dbpIbpw sNp.

av

]mj {^qv GXpanepw hfmsanepw aW IeXpw pH 6.5 7.5 hscbpXpw, \ \ohmbpXpamb ]inacmin amWv Daw. an ssPhmwiw Gsd BhiyamWv. ]mj {^qns th]Sew ans D]cnXetmSv tNmWv IqSpXepw ImXv. 60% thIfpw 30 sknao hscbp D]cnXen ImWsSp. th]Sens \ hfv {]mWhmbp Bb HmIvknPs e`yX hfsc BhiyamWv. CXn\mbn \ \ohm DdphWw Asæn th]Se kmh[m\w DWn\inXn\v CSbmIpw. AXpsImv 8% hsc Ncnhp e ]mj {^qv Irjnv Gsd AtbmPyamWv.

C\

      temIn 600 ]cw ]mj {^qv kv]ojnkpI Dsnepw {][m\ambpw 3 C\fmWv \psS \mn IrjnsNvXphXv. Nphv, a, BImi shcn Fv hnfn Pbnv FnhbmWmh. au kzov Iv (Mountain sweet cup) F hnfn Nph C\w, ]mkn^vtfmd FSpenkv FSpenkv (Passiflora edulis edulis) F imkv{X\man AdnbsSp. {_ko BWv CXns PtZiw. Cfw NphpapX ISpw ]n hsc \ndap ChbpsS ImbvIġv GItZiw 5 sknao \ofhpw 30 apX 50 {Kmw hsc Xqhpapv. Chv a[pcw IqSpXepw ]pfn ckw dhpamWv.

       ]mkn^vtfmd FSpenkv ^vsfhnIm (Passiflora edulis  flavicarpa) F imkv{X\maapXpw tKmU ]mj {^qv (Golden Passion fruit) FhnfnspSpXpamb a C\w, ]n C\n \nw Dncnv hnpXmWv. ChbpsS ImbvI ISpw a\ndapXpw 6 sknao hsc \ofapXpw 100 {Kmw hsc XqapXpamWv. Chv ]n C\nt\m ]pfnckw IqSpXemWv. ]mkn^vtfmd Izm{Umqemcnkv (Passiflora quadrangularis) F imkv{X \maapXpw, Pbnv {K\mUn (Giant granadilla) Fv Cwnjn hnfnXpw, BImishcn Fv \mw ]dp hXpamb henb C\n\v 30 sknao hsc \ofhpw 500 {Kmw hsc Xqhpapv. aphsb At]nv CXn\v Nnbpw aWhpw dhmWv. _mwq Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) \nw Imthcn F t]cn H ]n C\w ]pdndnbnpvv. CXp IqSmsX ]ccmKXambn sNdnb tXmXn IrjnsNp \ \mS C\fpw \nehnepv. Db hnfhp XXpw \ KpWta DXpw, AXmXv tZin\v Ghpw CWnbXpamb C\fmWv Irjnmbn ip]mi sNsnpXv. Nphnepw abnepw Xs ImemhbpsS ASnm\n {][m\ambpw cpXcapv. kaXe {]tZiġv tbmPnXpw AXpt]mse Db {]tZiġv AtbmPyambXpw. cv {]tZiw Ht]mse Imcyaamb C\w Ctm \nehnen. kaXe {]tZin\v tbmPnh Db {]tZinw AXpt]mse Xncnpw D]bpa.   

{]h\ coXnI

           ]mj {^qv; hnpI aptJ\bpw, Xv th]nSnnpw, {Km^vv sNbvXpw, sebdp sNbvvXpw hfn FSpmhpXmWv. hnv apfnpXpw Xv apdnv \SpXpamWv CXn IqSpX {]mtbmKnIamb coXnI. hnns AcW tijn thKw \sSpsan\m ]pXnb hnv D]tbmKntXmWv. hnns BhcWw hfsc InIqSnbXmWv. BbXn\m cv Znhktmfw hnpI shůn apnhv t\gvkdnbn ]mIn apfnsSpmhpXmWv. 1020 ZnhkġIw hnv apfv hw. apfv cmgvNpn Chsb t]mfn_mKpIfntev ammhpXmWv. GXmv 30 sknaodn IqSpX hepamtm {][m\ \nentev amn \SmhpXmWv. t\gvkdnbn an _m[aqew sNSn hmSn hogpIbmsWn CtUm^n 23 {Kmw/en F \ncn XfnpsImSpmhpXmWv. Xv th]nSnnsSpXn\,v hnfshSpn\v tijw Ghpw \mbn hf hnIfn \nw ctm aqtm appIfp XpI apdnsSpv Ghpw Xmsgbp apn \nw Cebpw sS{Snepw \on IfbWw. av CeIfpsS ]Xn `mKw apdnv IfbpXv Pemwiw IqSpX \sSmXncnm \XmWv. Cs\ apdnsSp XpIfpsS NphSp`mKw td kabw shůn apnhWw. AXn tijw shůn \n ]pdsSpv Xn IqSpXembp Pew SpIfbpI. Xns NphSp `mKw sF._n.F tlmtamWn (IBA hormone) apn km[mcW t]mnwKv an{inXntem t\gvkdnbntem \v  IqsS IqsS PetkN\w \SpI. H amkn\Iw th]nSnph \mbn Iqv FSpXn\v tijw {][m\ \nentev amn\SmhpXpamWv. hnn \nv D]mZnn ssXIfmWv Xv th]nSnnsSpXnt\m ItdnbXpw IqSpX Imew \ne\nXpw. Fm Xv th]nSnnsSp ssXI t\cs ]qIbpw ImpIbpw sNp F am{Xa, amXrsNSnbpsS X\na \ne \npXpamWv. 

 AIqekmlNcyfn ]mj {^qns Xpw CeIfpw 8---mw amkw apX 11mw amkw hsc \mbn henw hv XpSpIbpw ]noSv hf kmh[m\amhpIbpw sNp. 5 mw amkw apX 12 mw amkw hsc [mcmfambn inJnc DmhpIbpw sNp. 9mw amkw apX ]pjv]nIbpw ImpIbpw sNp. ]mj {^qns th]Se 7mw amkw hsc kmh[m\w hf. AXn tijw 10mw amkw hsc AXnthKw hfv ]SIbpw, ]noSv kmh[m\nemIbpw sNp. th]Sens hfbpsS coXnbn XsbmWv t]mjI aqeyfpsS BKncWhpw. 7mw amkw hsc Imcyamb coXnbn t]mjI BKncWw sNpnsænepw AXn tijw henb tXmXn an \nw t]mjI aqey BKncWw sNpv, {]tXyInv Nitrogen, Potassium, Calcium,  Manganese, Iron apXembh.

ew sXcsSp 

]mj {^qns icnbmb hfpw, hnfhnw \ kqcy{]Imiw AXymhiyamWv. 1000 annao agsbnepap ew thWw sXcsSpm. agbpsS A`mhn \ PetkN\ kuIcyapmbncnWw. \ hfqdpXpw, pH 6.5 7.5 hsc DXpw, \ \ohmbpXpamb amWv Daw. shsv A`nImaya. henb Imns ieyanm 8% hsc Ncnhp efmWv ]mj{^qv Irjnv Ghpw AtbmPyambXv.

\nesam

]mj {^qv \SpXn\v Htm, ctm amkw apmbn \new HtXmWv. \nenep ImSpw ]Ifpw \on \mbn DgpXv  NmWIw, Itmv, ]nehfw apXembh tNv HXv hfsc \XmWv. icnbmb \nesam an th]Se \mbn ]Sv hym]nXnw agshw DundpXnw \ \ohm DdmXnw DZtIXmWv. IqSpX NpNhdpI Dsn Ah XobnSpXpaqew an IqsSbp IoStcmK _m[Isf \nb{nXn\v hfscb[nIw klmbnw.  

] \nmWw

]mj {^qv hnI GXp XmpIfnepw acfnepw hfmsanepw \ coXnbn ]env hfpXmWv Ghpw Imcyaamb coXn. am{Xhpa, km[mcW acfn ]Sv ]enm AhZnm Ah {ItaW \inp t]mhm CSbm. ]enSpXn\mbn 45 an AIen ImepIfnv Bhiyn\v Inbp InIfp]tbmKnv \mbn henpsIn ]enSpIbmWv km[mcWKXnbn sNpXv. Xmpac, Icn ]mfnI,  tIm{Iov XqI, Cpss]pI apXembh ImepIfmbn D]tbmKnmw. ]en\v 7 ASn s]msanepw DXmWv \Xv. ] iamb Imns\bpw agtbbpw AXnPohnm t]mXmbncnWw. ] \nmWw Ghpw sNethdnb HmWv. icnbmb ] \ coXnbn hnIġv ]Scmw, XSw IqSmsX ]cn]me\apdI bYmkabw sNmw, Ffpn hnfshSpmw klmbIamIWw. sNSnbpsS apgph Imehpw (67 hjw) ] \ne\nt XmWv.  

\Soepw ]en ]Sepw

       HcSnbn IqSpX hf Fnb ]mj {^qv sNSnI shbn DZnXn aptm, Asæn AkvXab tijtam ]dnp \SpXmWv Ghpw \Xv. ]dnp \bpSs\ XW sImSpXv \XmWv. 45 an AIenemWv \tSXvv. sNSnI hfXnkcnv sNdnb IpItfm Ibtdm D]tbmKnv ]entev ]Sn hntSXmWv. hnI \Xpt]mse ]en ]Sm ]ns sNSnv Xmv sImSpt Imcyan. hnbn \nw s]mnh imJI Npntepw {Iaambn ]Sn hnm hnI s]sv ]Sv ]enIbpw ]pjv]nv ImpIbpw sNpw. ]mj {^qns, {]tXyInv a C\fn kzbw ]cmKWw km[mcamXXpsImpw, NnekmlNcyfn ]cmKWn IqSnt]mepw ]qp ImmXp sImpw, hyXykvX C\ Htc ]en Xs hfpXmWv Ghpw A`nImayw. Cs\bmbm ]mcmKW {]iv\ XcWw sNphmw IqSpX hnfhpe`nmw klmbIcamw. Htc sNSnbn \nv Xs Xv th]nSnnXpw, HtcsNSnbn \n Xs Snj|IN svXv FSpXXpamb sNSnI am{Xw tXmn hfnbm ]cmKW {]iv\w Xqew Dm ^edhnw CSbmw.  

If\nb{Ww

       ]mj {^qns thI sNSnbpsS Nphn \nw 15 sknao apX 45 sknao  hsc Npfhn {]tXyInv 30 sknao  hscbp D]cnXen ImWsSpXn\m IqsS IqsS NphSnfXv \X. Nphn \nw 45 sknao AIenep IfI b{ D]tbmKnv \nb{nmhpXmWv. Nphnep IfI ssIsImv ]dnpampItbm If\min\nI D]tbmKnv \ow sNpItbm thWw. If\min\nI D]tbmKnXmWv Ffphpw AZmbIchpamb amw. CXn\mbn ssUbqtdm, t{_mamkn, sst^mtkv (2-3 kg/ha) apXemb If\min\nI D]tbmKnmhpXmWv.            

t]mjWw

]mj {^qv, ]pjvnv Imm XpSptXmsS t]mjI apeyfpsS BhiyIX hfsc hn. 1500 Hmfw sNSnIfp H sl ep \nw H hjw 205 Intem{Kmw ss\{SPv 17 Intem{Kmw t^mkv^dkv 184 Intem{Kmw s]mmknbw 152 Intem{Kmw Imknbw, 14 Intem{Kmw aojyw,  25 Intem{Kmw  k^, 3 Intem{Kmw am\okv Fns\ ]mj {^qv sNSnI hensNSp. t]mjImwifpsS A`mhw aqew sNSnIfpsS hf apcSnIbpw ]e Xcnepf t]mjI aqeym`mh eW ImWnIbpw sNbp. Cs\ sNSnIfn {]Xyam eW ]Tnv icnbmb coXnbn kaoIyXhpw, kwbpIvXhpamb hf t{]tbmK coXnI Ahew_ntXmWv. ]pjv]n kabp t]mjI \nbw \Sp\Xn\mbn {]qWov \Sm imJbpsS Xpw_p \nw \memas CebmWv FSptXv. 

hf{]tbmKw

]mj {^qns icnbmb hfpw hnfhnw \coXnbnep hf{]tbmKw BhiyamWv. sNSnbpsS hfmImeLs ASn\amn, \Sp kabpw, 24 hjw {]mbambhpw 4 hjn IqSpX {]mbambhpw Fns\ 3 coXnbnemWv hf{]tbmKw ip]mi sNbvXnpXv. ]mj {^qv sNSn \Sptm, sNSn Hn\v 5 Intem{Kmw ssPhhfhpw, 25:10:25 {Kmw F:]n:sIbpw sImSpWw. 24 hjw {]mbamb sNSnIġv 10 Intem{Kmw ssPhhfhpw, 80:30:60 {Kmw F:]n:sI bpw sNSn Hn\v \IWw. 4 hjn IqSpX {]mbamb sNSnIġv Htcm hjhpw 15 Intem{Kmw ssPhhfhpw, 150:50:100 {Kmw F:]n:sI bpw sNSn Hn\v \IWw. Ch \mtem AXn IqSpX XhWIfmtbm sImSpXmWv \Xv. Ch an IqSnbpw ]t]mjWw hgnbpw sImSpmhpXmWv. an hfw tNXn\v tijw \\p sImSpWw. kqva aqeIfpsS A`mhap efn Ahbpw AhiymkcWw tNv sImSptXmWv.    

]mj {^qns th]Se 60% hpw D]cnXen \nw 30 sknaodn\v AIpw, 70% hpw 45 sknaodn\v AIpw ImWmsSpXmbn XnsSpnbnpv. BbXn\m BZyhjn sNSnbpsS Nphn \nw 10 sknao apX 20 sknao hsc Npfhn hfw tNv sImSpXmWv \Xv. AXpt]mse {]mbamb tXmfn sNSnbpsS Nphn \nw 30 sknao apX H ao hsc AIen\v Nppambn hfw tNv sImSptXmWv.    

PetkN\w

       agbneqsSbpw, PetkN\neqsSbpambn 1300 1500 annao hsc Pew ]mj {^qns icnbmb hfpw hnfhnw BhiyamWv. ag dhmb k`fn PetkN\w \IWw. {Iaamb PetkN\w XpSbmbp ]pjv]nenw, Imenw A\nhmcyamWv. ImbvI aqm XpSptXmsS Pemhiyw hn. Pens A`mhn Cebpw, ]qfpw, IbvIfpw s]mgnbpIbpw, ImbvI NpnNpfnv t]mhpIbpw sNp. B[p\nI coXnbnep IWnI PetkN\tam, kv{]nve coXntbm Ahew_nmhpXmWv. hymhkmbnI ASnm\nep IrjncoXnbn t]mjI aqey PetkN\neqsS \ t^ntKj coXnbpw \nehnepv.  

{]qWnwKv (sImv tImX)

sNSnI hfbnmsX apcSnv \n XpImeamWv {]qWnn\v ]nb kabw. tcmKw _m[nXpw DWnbXpamb Fm imJIfpw {]qWnneqsS apdnv amp. {]qWnn\v D]tbmKn InIfpw apw A hnapamm {]tXyIw {inWw. Pqssesk]vw_ amkfnse hnfshSpn\v tijamWv km[mcWbmbn {]qWnwKv \SpX.v {]qWnwKv aqew hfmtijn d `mK \osSpIbpw ]p XfnI DmhpIbpw sNp. Cs\ ]pXpXmbn Dmb imJIfnemWv ]pjv]fpw ImbvIfpw DmXv. Xqew hjw tXmdpw {Iaambn sNp {]qWnwKv, sNSnbpsS icnbmb hfpw Imbv^enw AXymhiyamW.v \nepIqSn]S hnIfpw {]qWnwKv kabv apdnv atXmWv.

]cmKWw 

]mj {^qn {]tXyInv a C\n ]cmKW {]iv\ DXpsImv ssIsImv ]cmKWw sNpXpw, tX\o hfpXpw, hnpssXI D]tbmKnXpw, hyXykvX sNSnIfn \n XpI \Sm D]tbmKnXpw hnf h\hn\v  Ghpw ^e{]ZamWv.

kky kwcWw

       IoSfpw, tcmKfpw ]mj {^qns\ t\gvkdn apX _m[nmdpv. hnhn[ Xcnep ]pgp, HpI, an tcmK, \namhncI, sshdkv tcmK apXembh Iphcmdpv. hnhn[ \nb{Wam kwtbmPnXambn bYmkabw Ahew_nv Chsbmw Gsdsd \nb{nmhpXmWv. icnbmb ]cn]me\ apdI Ahew_npw, Bhiyamb t]mjI aqey \Inbpw, Xkabv PetkN\w \Snbpw sNSnIsf Iphbmm km[nw. ssPh \nb{WcoXnI Ahew_npw, tXmfn icnbmb ipNnXzw ]menpw, IfIsf bYmkabw \nb{npw, AXymhiyLfn cmk IoS\min\nI D]tbmKnpw Chsb \nb{nhpXmWv. Znhtk\bp \ncoWfneqsS IoS tcmK _m[I Bcw`nse IsWw. XpSn Im IoSfpw, tcmKw _m[n `mKfpw ]qambpw \innv IfbWw. ]qfn ]cmKWw \S kabv IoS\min\n {]tbmK \SXv. AXncmhntetbm, kmbwImesm am{Xta tkv{]bnwKv \Smhq. Imbv CuI, ]pgp, Cet], aoenap kvsIbn CskIvv Fnhsb \nb{nXn\v Ahkm\amsa \nebn amentbm 1.5 In.{Kw/slIv F tXmXn slIvdn\v 500en F In Xfnmw. acn (mites) B{IaWs sNm\mbn 2.5 In.{Kw H slIv F IWn shůn ebn k^ XfnhpXmWv. Cepn tcmKhpw, thNobepw BWv {][m\s tcmK. Chsb \nb{nh\mbn CsUm^n 23 {Kw/en F IWn Xfnp sImSpmhpXmWv.

]eXcnep sshdv tcmK ]mj {^qn Iph. tcmKw _m[n `mK XpSnte \innpIfpw, sshdpIsf ]cp IoSsf \innpw, hnp ssXI \Sm\mbn D]tbmKnpw, sshdkv _m[sb H ]cn[nhsc \nb{nhpmWv.     

hnfshSpv

       ]mj {^qn km[mcWbmbn cv hnfshSpv Imeapv. Pq apX HmKv hscbpw, \hw_ apX Phcn hscbpw. H kok am{Xap C\fn ssabv apX HIvtSm_ hscbmWv hnfshSpv Imew. ]cmKWn tijw 7080 Znhk sImv ImbvI aqv ]mIamIpw. aqv ]gpv XpSp ImbvI Xmsg hoWXn tijamWv s]dpn FSpXv. Cs\ icnbmbn aqv ]gp ImbvIġv am{Xta \ Nnbpw aWhpw DmhpIbpp. Bgvbn cp aq {]mhiyw Cs\ ]g tiJcnmw. H sNSnbn \nw GXmv 5 Intem{Kmw hnfhv e`nw. H slIvdn \nw 710 S hscbmWv km[mcW hnfhv. 40 S hscbp hnfhpIfpw dntmv sNvXnpv. ]mj {^qv sNSnI 710 hjw hsc \ne\nw. 35 hjw hscbmWv H tXmw BZmbIcambncnIbpp. AXn tijw Bh\Irjn sNpXmWv \Xv.  

kwkvIcWw

       ]mj {^qv, P}kv kwkvIcnv FSpXn\mbn D]tbmKn. P}kv  Bbn hn]W\w \Sp. IqSmsX P}kv D]tbmKnv ioXf ]m\nb, sFkv{Iow, t_dn km[\ apXembh Dm. \ ipnbmb ]g 100c 3 Bgvhsc KpWta \sSmsX t]mfno _mKpIfn kqnmw.   

KpWta

]mj{^qv ]gn\v AIv,  Idpv \ndnep sNdnb hnpI Dv. Hmtcm hnpw abpw, Hmdpw Ie \ndnep P}kSnb knbm Npsncn. ]j {^qv GItZiw pH 3.2 AXzap ^eamWv. hnhn[ A BWv CXnImcWw. Chbn 90% IqSpXepw kn{SnIv BknUv BWv. _mn amenv BknUpw. {^qv P}kn GItZiw 15% ]kmc ASnbncn. ]kmcbpw Ahpw Xnep A]mXw ]n ]mj {^qn 5:1 Dw a C\n 3:8 Dw BWv. Nph C\w s]mXpth IqSpX a[pcapXmWv. IqSmsX 2.2 % t{]mnw, 0.7% sImgppw ASnbnpv. ]mj{^qn [mcmfw s]mmkyhpw, sshan knbpw, \nbmknw, ss^_w ASnbncn.    tkmUnbhpw tImft{mfpw hfscdhmWv. CXpIqSmsX hnhn[ Xcw A¡tembnUpIfpw, sstImsskUpIfpw, ^vsfhnt\mbnUpIfpw ]mj {^qn Dv . ChbpsS Fmw kmn[ym ]mj{^qv P}kn\v hfscb[nIw Huj[KpW Dv. CXn ASnbncn ]mn^vtfmdn F cmk]ZmamWv thZ\ \nhmcWnw, imcocnI Dtjnw ImcWamXv. 

D]tbmKw

]mj{^qv P}kn\v thZ\ iannmw, hncIsf AImw, lyZb \mUo tcmKsfbpw, Imkdns\bpw iannmap Ignhpv. ]mj {^qns DWnb ]q XnfnsSp shw thZ\kwlmcnbmbn ]ecmPyfnepw  D]tbmKnmdpv. ]mj{^qv P}kv ap ]e P}kpambn tNv hnhn[ Xcw Nnbpw aWhpw D ]m\nbfpmm D]tbmKn. ]mj {^qv, hnhn[ Xcw kmeUpI, k_pI, sFkv{IoapI, PmapI, ioXf ]m\nb apXembh Dmm D]tbmKn. ]mj {^qv P}kv XpSbmbn IgnXpaqew am\knI kwLjw, Ddanmbva, Bkva, Npa, ssat{K t]msebp XethZ\I, Zl\ kw_amb {IatISpI, Bh kw_amb {]iv\ XpSnbh ianhmw klmbn.  

]mj {^qv t]msebp \qX\ hnfI IrjnsNpXv BZmbnw BtcmKynw A`nImayamWv. am{Xa {Kma{]tZip sXmgn clnXv sXmgnZmbIhpw, hyhkmb hfv klmbIhpamWv. Cs\ \psS `y BtcmKy, sXmgn kpcv ]mjy {^qv t]msebp \qX\ hnfI hfsc A[nIw klmbnw.

 

Joy PP. 2010. Passion Fruit (Malayalam). Pineapple Research Station (Kerala  Agricultural  University), Vazhakulam-686 670, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India.

 

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Quality People, Infrastructure & Work Culture for Quality Technology, Products & Services. Merit alone counts for quality suitable for the purpose. One has know-how only when it is proven in real life.Copyright 2010 Pineapple Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University. Best viewed in IE 5.5 or above, 1024x768 screen, scripts enabled. Last modified: 23 Jun 2014. Webmaster: Dr. P. P. Joy, Associate Professor & Head, Pineapple Research Station (Kerala  Agricultural  University), Vazhakulam, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India, PIN-686 670, Tel. & Fax: +91 485 2260832, Cell: +919446010905, E-mail: prsvkm@kau.in. Constructive comments, suggestions and criticisms are most welcome and please mail to prsvkm@gmail.com.