PINEAPPLE RESEARCH STATION (KERALA  AGRICULTURAL  UNIVERSITY), VAZHAKULAM, MUVATTUPUZHA

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Farmers' queries & Scientists' answers

Farmers can have their queries to solve problems confronting with pineapple and passion fruit cultivation. They can mail their questions/queries to prsvkm@gmail.com and scientists will answer the queries by return mail. Subsequently, frequently asked questions and answers (FAQ) will be published here for the benefit of the pineapple and passion fruit farming community.

Since majority of the questions are in the local Malayalam language, the answers are also provided in their own local language.

You may have to install Malayalam unicode fonts (ML-TTKarthika, etc) and  enable Malayalam language in Windows System to read Malayalam text here. For Help, please click here and follow the instructions.

IjIsS km[mcWbmbp tNmZyfpw, Ahp adp]SnIfpw 

ss]\mn (Pineapple)

1. ss]\mn IrjnbpsS {]m[m\yw FmWv?

       Dujvafamb aWhpw, Nnbpw, BtcmKyZmbIamb P}kpap ApXIcamb H DjvWtaJem ^eamWv ss]\mn. CXn [mcmfw Imkyw, s]mmkyw, ss^_, hnman kn, Fnhbpv. CXnep t{_masebv F Fsskw Zl\ {]{Inbsb DtPnnIbpw, icocnse hnhn[ tISp]mSpIsf t]mn kZm Dtjw \Ibpw sNp. Cs\ BtcmKynw, BZmbnw, DXXmWv ss]\mn Irjn.

2. \psS kwm\s ss]\mn IrjnbpsS Cs nXn FmWv?

       tIcfn hjw tXmdqw GXmv 12,500 sl ev ss]\mn Irjn sNp. 1,02,400 S hmjnI D]mZ\hpw Dv. AXmbXv, Cybnse BsI D]mZ\ns 7.6 iXam\w am{Xw. tIcfn IrjntaJe s]mXpthbpw, ss]\mn taJe {]tXyInpw, {]Xnkn t\cnpsImncnIbmWv Ctm. s]mXpth IrjntbmSp Xm]cydhv, sXmgnemfnIfpsS Zue`yw, Db Iqen sNehv, hn]Wnbnse AncX Cs\ ]e ImcW CXnv. ss]\mn taJebn Gdnh H {]hWX kzw ev Irjn sNph Xptemw Npw FXmWv. h tXmXnep ]mIrjnbmWv IqSpXepw. AXmbXv, ss]\mn Irjn H A{Kn _nkn\v Bbn amdnIgnncn. kwm\v DS\ofw Irjnbpsnepw hmgfw, aphmp]pg {]tZifpsS Nppambn FdWmfw, tImbw, CSpn PnIfnembn GXmv 85% IqSpX tI{nIcnncn.

3. Irjnv tbmKyamb ss]\mn C\ GsXmamWv?

       I}, I}, audnjykv Fns\ aqv C\fmWv Irjnv AtbmPyambnpXv. CXn I}w, audnjykpw, {^jv {^qmbnpw, I} Im\nwKnambmWv D]tbmKnXv. IqSmsX, AarX F ]pXnb C\hpw ImjnI kIemimebn \n Irjnmbn ip]mi sNbvXnpv. temI Itmfn Ghpw {]knamb Im\nwKnw, IbpaXnw tbmPn MD-2 F C\hpw ChnsS IrjnsNmw. Fm dImew sImv IqSpX BZmbw InpsaXp smv Cv anhmdpw audnjykv C\w am{XamWv h tXmXn Irjn sNpXpw, hn]W\w \SpXpw. ASpImembn hmgfw ss]\mn F t]cn CXn\v `qkqNnI cPnkvt{Sj e`nXpsImv CXns IbpaXn {]m[m\yw hnIbpw sNbvXnpv.

4. GXp Xcw amWv ss]\mn Irjnv AtbmPyw?

       \\ohmbpXpw, A]w AXbpw, \ ssPhhfIqdpXpamb aW Ie amWv Daw. shsp ew \X.

5. Fs\bp ImemhbmWv ss]\mn Irjnv thXv?

       kap{Z\ncn \nw, 1,500 ao Dbcn hsc ss]\mn Irjn sNmw. 1530 Un{Kn skjykv BWv AtbmPyamb Dujva\ne. 5002500 ann ao agbmWv AtbmPyw. \ hnfhn\v kqcy{]Imiw hfsc AXymhiyamWv.

6. icobmb \So Imew GXmWv?

       agsb B{inp {][m\ \So kab G{]nsabpw, HmKvsk]vw_dpw BWv.  PetkN\ kuIcyapsn Ftm thWsanepw \Smw. Fnepw PqPqssese AXnhrn kabw \Soen\v ]nbX.

7. GsXmw kmlNcyfnemWv s]mXpsh ss]\mn Irjn FSpXv?

       aetbmcfn X\nhnfbmbpw, d, sXv tXmfn CShnfbmbpw, s\¸mSfn \oNmepI \Inbpw ss]\mn IrjnsNbmw.

8. ss]\mn Irjnv \new HXv Fs\bmWv?

       Imehjn\p apmbn Inp Htm ctWvSm agtbmSp IqSn Irjnew \mbn DgpXp adnpI. \oNmepI \Inbpw hmcsaSppw \\ohm DdphmhpXmWv. aetbmcfn tImp sseIfn hmcsaSpmhpXmWv. s\¸mSfn Bgn  \omepIsfSpv hmcn ss]\mn \Smw.  

9. Irjnmbn \So hkvXp XmdmXv Fs\?

       sNSnbpsS Nphn \nv s]mn Xgp h IIfpw, NbpsS ASnbn \nv h n]pIfpw, NbpsS apIfnep aShpw, Xv apdnv apfnhbpw, Snj| IĨ ssXIfpw \Sm D]tbmKnmsanepw Nphn \nw h II AYhm Im\nI Ghpw t\ct Imbv^ew Xw FXpsImv ChbmWv km[mcWbmbn \SpXv. IoStcmKfnm \ Ip Im\nI \Sphm sXcsSptXmv.

10. \Sptm FsmamWv {intXv?

       \Sphm Im\nI AhbpsS hepw Akcnv hepXv, CScw, sNdpXv Fns\ Xcw Xncnv \SpXmWv Ghpw Daw. Im\nI H cmgv XWen Cv ]mIw hnb tijamWv \Sm D]tbmKnXv. cp hcnbmbnmWv II \tSXv. 10 cm Bgn \SWw. \Sptm Iqnepw, CeIġnSbnepw, av hogmsX kqnWw. cp hcnIfnembn Im\nI {XntImW coXnbnemWv \tSXv.

11. hnhn[ coXnIfn IrjnsNptm F{X AIenemWv \tSXv?

       hnhn[ coXnIfn Im\n \Sptm hcnbn Im\nI Xnepw, hcnI Xnepw, Cu cv hcnI Xnep AIehpw CXn\mbn H sldntev th Im\nIfpsS Fhpw C\n ]dbp.

       X\nhnfbmbn Irjn sNptm 30 x 45 x 90 cm AIen \Sm GXmv 40,000 Im\nI thWw. d, sXv tXmfn CShnfbmbn Irjn sNm 30 x 45 x 150 cm AIen \Sptm GXmv 20,00025,000 Im\nI thWw. s\ hbepIfn NmepI Iodn hmcsaSpv \Sptm 30 x 45 x 150 cm  AIen GXmv 25,00030,000 Im\nI thnhw.

IqSmsX high density planting  AYhm AXnkm{X \So coXnbn 50,00060,000 Im\nI hsc \Sp ]Xnhpapv.

12. ss]\mn Irjnbn hf{]tbmKw Fs\bmWv?

hf {]tbmKn\v \mbn {]XnIcn hnfbmWv ss]\mn. \ne samtm H sldn\v 25 S F tXmXn Imen hftam, Itmtm tNv sImSpWw. IqSmsX cmkhf Im\n Hn\v F:]n:sI: 8:4:8: {Kmw C tXmXn Htcm hjhpw \IWw. X\n hnfv H sldn 40,000 sNSnIġv 320160320 Intem{Kmw  F:]n:sI thnhw. P' AYhm `mhlw ASnhfambpw,"N' Dw "K' bpw, ta hfambpw GXmv cv amkw CShnv an Bhiyn\v \\hptm \IbmWv Daw. km[mcW ASnhfambn Im\n Hn\v 20{Kmw ^mwt^mkpw, 5{Kmw s]mmjpw an tNv \IbmWv ]Xnhv. th\¡mev 2% bqdnbmbpw, 1.5 % s]mmjpw tN emb\n Xfnp sImSpItbm, Im\n Hn\v 40 ano en F tXmXn Hgnp sImSpItbm sNmw.

13. ss]\mnfn PetkN\w Bhiyaptm?

th\¡mev aqv BgvNIqSptm \\psmSpXv IqSpX henap NI DmIm klmbnw. tlmkv D]tbmKntm, kv{]nwKvf D]tbmKntm, PetkN\amImw.

14. ss]\mn Irjnbn If\nb{Ww Fs\bmWv?

ssIXsNSnbnep appI aqew IfI ]dnpampXv Ghpw {iaIcaWv. {]mtbmKnI amw If\min\n D]tbmKnIbmWv. Ghpw ^e{]Zamb amw IfI apfXncnm thn 3 In.{Kmw ssU bqtdm Asæn 2.5 In.{Kmw t{_mako 600 en shůn Ien H sldn XfnXmWv. hoqw, IfI apfpIbmsWn CXns ]Xn Afhn H IqSn XfnmaXnbmw. If\min\n Xfntm an Cuw DmbncnWw. hcnIġnSbn D IfIsf \innhm sst^mtkv 41% SL (duvA]v) 2 In.{Kmw 600 en shůn Ien XfnmhpXmWv. If\min\nIfn ssUbqtdm (mv) HgnsI asmw A]w t]mepw sNSnIfn hogmsX kqnWw. If\min\nI D]tbmKnv IfIsf \inntm AhnShnsS _mn \n IfI ]dnp IftbXmWv.  

15. ss]\mnfn tlmtam {]tbmKw Fn\mWv?

H tXmnse FmsNSnIfpw Htc kabv ]pjv]nv Hanv hnfshSpXn\v tlmtam {]tbmKw BhiyamWv. sNSnI GXmv 7 amkw {]mbsan 40Hmfw CeIfptmgmWv tlmtam {]tbmKnXv. 2tmtdm CussX t^mkv t^mdnIv BknUv ASnb FYt^m 25 ]n ]n Fw, bqdnb 2%, Imkyw Im_tWv 0.04% ASnb emb\n 50 ann en hoXw Im\n Hn\v Iqn Hgnp sImSpWw. Cs\ 1000 sNSnIġv thn h emb\n Dmm 50 en shůn 1.25 ann en FYt^m (3.2 ann en F{X 39% Asæn 12.5 ann en F{X 10%) IqSmsX H Intem{Kmw bqdnb, 20 {Kmw Imkyw Im_tWv Fnh ebnnWw. FYt^m Hgnp IgnbpsS ag s]vXm hopw HgntXmWv.

16. ss]\mnfns\ _m[n {][m\ IoS GsXmw?

aoenap, kvsIbn Fskv FnhbmWv {][m\ IoS. sNSnbpsS thcv, IS, CeI, N Fo `mKsfmw aoen ap B{Ianmdpv. IoS_m[bp CeI afnv hmSn t]m. I}\m t^mkv Asæn tmss]dnt^mkv (ln_m) 2 ann en H en shůn F tXmXn H sldn 500 en emb\n Xfnv Chsb \nb{nmw.

17. ss]\mofn Iph {][m\ tcmK FmWv?

       AgpI, IqpNob , Cepn tcmKw Cs\ ]e an tcmKfpw sNSnsb _m[nmdpv. \ohm d {]tZifnemWv tcmKw IqSpX IphXv. BbXn\m \ \ohm Ddp htXv tcmK \nb{Wn\v AXymhiyamWv. ssUtY Fw45 (CsUm^n) 2 {Kmw H en shůn F tXmXn H sldn 500 en emb\n Xfnpw, tcmKw IqSpX _m[n m\fn sNSnbpsS Nphnep av Xnw hn[w Hgnp sImSppw, tcmKw _m[n sNSnIsf \ntjw \innpw Cu tcmKsf \nb{nmhpXmWv.

       XpSbmbn ss]\mn IrjnsbSp efn \namhncbpsS B{IaWhpw, Iphv. Imt_mk^m 6% Pn H sldn\v 17 In {Kmw F tXmXn an tNpsImSpv Chsb \nb{nmw.

aoen _Kv hnv Atmknbv sshdv tcmKhpw Nne efn Imv. CeI Nphp\ndambn hfp t]m. aoen apbmWv CutcmKw ]cpXv. aoen apsb \nb{nm Cu tcmKw hnfhns\ Imcyambn _m[nn. Fnepw sshdv _m[n sNSnI \innXv tcmK \nb{Wn\v klmbIamWv. 

18. ap ]cnNcW FsmamWv?

       th\¡mev N Nmp \n¡mdpv. AhbpsS H hiw kqcy{]Imins BLmXm \inv D]tbmKiq\yambnXo. CXv XSbm NbpsS ta NpNhdpI Cv `mKnIambn aqSpXpw, AtX sNSnbpsS CeIsImv Xs s]mXnp sIpXpw \XmWv. sNSnI Nmv t]mtm av AWv sImSpXpw hfsc ^e{]ZamWv. sNSn ephm XpSptXmsS Nphn \nw ]pXnb II s]mnhcm XpSpw. Chbn Ghpw \ Htm, ctm II am{Xw \nn _mn ASn IftbXmWv. N s]mn htm aSns Iqv am{Xw n IfbpXpw npI ASn IfbpXpw IqSpX henap Nbpmhm klmbIamWv.

19. ss]\mnfn F{X\m sImv hnfshSpmw?

       audnjykv ss]\mn sNSnbn 7 amkw Ignbptm tlmtam {]tbmKw \Smw. tlmtam {]tbmKw Ignm 3040 Znhkw sImv e hcm XpSpw. 120140 Znhkw sImv NshpIbpw sNmw. Cs\ \v H hjn\Iw Xs hnfshSpv \Smw.

20. H sldn \nv F{X hnfhv e`nw?

       ss]\mn D]mZ\w ]cnNcWapdIsfbpw \ Im\nIfpsS Fsbpw B{ibnncnw. X\n hnfbmbn 40,000 Im \nI \Sptm H sldn \nw 4050 S hnfhv e`nw. d, sXv tXmfn CShnfbmbn 2000025000 Im \nI \Sptm 2535 S N e`nw. s\ hbepIfn \nw CtX coXnbn, Nnetm CXn IqSpXepw hnfhv e`nw.

21. ss]\mn Irjnbn nhnf FSpXv Fs\bmWv?

       BZyhjw N shn FSppIgnm ]noSv cp hjw IqSn Ch nhnfbmbn \ne\nn \ coXnbn ]cnNcnm \ hnfhv e`nw. hnfshSpv Ignv \SNmepIfntev \op \n CeI apdnv Ifv an hfw tNv AWpsImSpWw. hf{]tbmKw BZy hjn sNbvXXp t]mse XsbmWv. Htcm sNSnbn \nw hfsc II s]mn hsanepw Ahbn Ghpw \ Htm, ctm II \ne \nn _mnbph ASn amWw. 45 amkw Ignbptm AYhm s]mn Xgph Im\nIfn 40Hmfw Ce htm hopw tlmtam {]tbmKw \Smw. hfsc \mbn ]cnNcn tXmfn H cp amkw Ignv hopw tlmtam {]tbmKw \Smw. tlmtam {]tbmKw \Sn 120140 Znhkw Ignbptmtgw N shn FSpmw. Cs\ hjw tXmdpw aqtm, \mtem XhW N shn FSpmhpXmWv. NbpsS hepw Hmtcm hjw Ignbptmdpw sNdpXmbn hw. Xqew 3 hjw Ignbptm Amh\ Irjn FSpmhpXmWv.   

22. ss]\mn Irjn em`IcamtWm?

ss]\mn IrjnbndXn\v BZyhjw sl Hn\v GXmv 2 etmfw cq] sNehmw. ]noSp hjfn GXmv 1 en IqpX cq] sNehv htw. sNSn Hn\v 67 cq]tbmfw sNehv hv. AXmbXv 810 cq]bn IqSpX Fnepw N Hn\v e`nmte Irjn em`IcamIbpq. ss]\mnfn\v 2025 cq] hsc h kab Dv. AXpt]mse hn]W\w sNm km[nm kabfpw hnpv. 1015 cq]sbnepw hnebpsn BZyhjw apX Xs em`w sImbvXpXpSmw.

23. ss]\mnfn ssPhrjnbpsS {]kn /km[yX Fs\bmWv?

atsXm Irjnbnepw FXp t]mse, ss]\mnfnepw ssPhrjnbpsS {]kn ssZ\Zn\w GdnhcnIbmWv. Fm ss]\mnfn ssPhIrjnsb \nmlsSpp ]e LSIfpapv.

1. hmWnPy ASnm\nep ]mIrjnbn em`\w hfsc \nmbIamWv.

2. hf {]tbmKn\v \mbn {]XnIcn hnfbmWv ss]\mn.

3. IoStcmKsf ssPhoI amfm ]qambn \nb{nm Ignbpn.

4. sXmgnemfnIfpsS `ue`yhpw bqWnv t]mjIns Db hnebpw

5. sNehn\v B]mXnIambn ss]\mnfn\v hnehyXymkanmbva.

6. ss]\mnfns hepn\kcnp A, B, C t{KUnKv Dw t{KUpI Xnep h hnehyXymkhpw.

Cs\ ]e ImcWfmepw ssPhIrjn em`amn. Ghpw d sNehn Ghpw IqSpX A N hnfbnnmte ss]\mn Irjnbn kpnc em`w InpIbpp. kpncem`apsnse ssPhIrjnbn IjIv Xm]cyapmhpIbpp.

 

IqSpX hnhcġv: 

t^m : +91 485 2260832

^mIvkv : +91 485 2260832

samss_ : +91 9446010905

ta hnemkw:  Atmntbv s{]m^k & slUv, ss]\mn KthjW tI{w (tIcf ImjnI kIemime), hmgfw, aphmp]pg, FdWmfw Pn, tIcfw,  ]n686 670

Cu sabn: prsvazhakulam@kau.in

                   prsvkm@gmail.com                 

 

sh_v sskv: http://www.kau.edu/prsvkm

                http://prsvkm.tripod.com  

 

 

 

Pineapple | Passionfruit | Banana | Farming | GAP | HRD | ISD | PRS | FAQ | Malayalam | Jobs      

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Quality People & Infrastructure for Quality Technology, Products & Services. Merit alone counts for quality suitable for the purpose. One has know-how only when it is proven in real life.Copyright 2010 Pineapple Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University. Best viewed in IE 5.5 or above, 1024x768 screen, scripts enabled. Last modified: 09 Jul 2011. Webmaster: Dr. P. P. Joy, Associate Professor & Head, Pineapple Research Station (Kerala  Agricultural  University), Vazhakulam, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India, PIN-686 670, Tel. & Fax: +91 485 2260832, Cell: +919446010905, E-mail: prsvazhakulam@kau.in. Constructive comments, suggestions and criticisms are most welcome and please mail to prsvkm@gmail.com.