PINEAPPLE RESEARCH STATION (KERALA  AGRICULTURAL  UNIVERSITY), VAZHAKULAM, MUVATTUPUZHA

 

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Farmers' queries & Scientists' answers

Farmers can have their queries to solve problems confronting with pineapple and passion fruit cultivation. They can mail their questions/queries to prsvkm@gmail.com and scientists will answer the queries by return mail. Subsequently, frequently asked questions and answers (FAQ) will be published here for the benefit of the pineapple and passion fruit farming community.

Since majority of the questions are in the local Malayalam language, the answers are also provided in their own local language.

You may have to install Malayalam unicode fonts (ML-TTKarthika, etc) and  enable Malayalam language in Windows System to read Malayalam text here. For Help, please click here and follow the instructions.

IjIsS km[mcWbmbp tNmZyfpw, Ahp adp]SnIfpw 

Pineapple | Passion fruit

]mj {^qv (Passion fruit)

]mj {^qns {]m[m\yw FmWv?

s]mffp shbnev bm{X sNbvXp hcp Hcmġv \mbn ]gp Hcp ]mj {^qns Imbv sRn Xpcv Hcp \pffp ]kmcbpw tNp sImSpp t\mq... \mhns\ {Xknnp B a[pchpw icocn\msI Ipfn ]Icp XWppw C{Xam{Xw DffnsemXpnb Hcp ]gw asmn Fp ]dbmw. bmsXmcp sshjayhpanmsX FhnsSbpw A\mbmkw ]Sp Ibdp Cu hffnsSnbn kok Bbngnm \ndsb ImbvI ]nSnpw. Htcm Imbpw ioXf I\nbmWv. Imbv ]kmc tNp Ignmw. AXpasæn kzmZnjvTamb ]m\obw Xmdmn Ignv oWw AImw  Cu hffnsSn Hscw \psS hophfnepapsntem? th\ NqSv AIm {^qntbm ap Ir{Xna ]m\obtfm tXSn t]mtIXn.   

]mj {^qns {]tXyIXI FsmamWv?

]m, {K\mUn, acmb, kos_ apXemb t]Ifn hnhn[ cmPyfn AdnbsSp ]mj {^qv Nncmbnbmb H hn sNSnbmWv. hfsc thKn hfXpw, ans D]cnXen thXpw Bb Cu hnsNSn AhbpsS sS{SnepI D]tbmKnv FhntSbpw ]nnSnp Ibdphm IgnhphbmWv. hnhn[ hfnep CXns ]pjv] Bscbpw BIjnXpw GXp ]qtmnw AtbmPyhpamWv.

      ]mj {^qn [mcmfw PohI ASnbnpv. {]tXyInv PohIw F. bpw, PohIw kn. bpw. ]mj {^qv kvIzmjv ]t {]knamWv. CXv IqSmsX ImUn, ]v, P}kv, sFkv{Iow, k_v XpSn \nch[n kzmZnjvTamb DXv]ġp thWvSn ]mj{^qv D]tbmKnmw. 

{][m\ambpw aqn\fmWv \psS \mn IphXv; Nphv, a, BImishcn Fv AdnbsSp henb C\amb Pbnv. ]mj {^qv P}kn [mcmfw [mXpehWfpw, hnmanIfpw ASnbncn. IqSmsX \ Nnbpw, aWhpw, Huj[ KpWfpw CXnv.

]mj {^qv IrjnbpsS Cs nXn FmWv?

DjvW taJe cmPyfmb Hmkvt{Senb, lhmbv, kuv B{^n, {_ko apXemb cmPyfn ]mj {^qv [mcmfambn Iph. 90% D]mZ\hpw {_koen \nmWv. s]dp, sh\nkpe, kuv B{^n, {ioe, Hmkvt{Senb apXembhbmWv av {][m\ D]mZ\ cmPy. {_koens ]mj {^qv hmjnI D]mZ\w 5 ew S hw. H sldn \nw GItZiw 14 S ]mj {^qv ChnsS D]mZnn. Cybn ]mj {^qv D]mZ\ns 80% pw hS Ing kwm\fnemWv \SXv. hb\mSv, SIvv, \oeKncn FnhnSfn ]mj{^qv hym]Iambn hfppv. Irjn hIpns Iogn ]memSv Pnbnse s\nbmXnbn {]hnp Hmdv BUv shPn_n ^man, AhnsSs hfcp ]mj{^qv D]tbmKnv  kvIzmjv \nnppvv.  CXv  CXnt\mSIw Xs Gsd P\{]oXn t\Snbnpv. ]mj {^qns \ocv am{Xa, AXns ]pdwtXmSpw D]tbmK{]ZamWv.

]mj {^qv ]gw t\cnpw, P}kmbpw D]tbmKnmw. ]mj {^qv P}kmWv {][m\ambpw IbpaXn sNpXv. bqtdmv BWv ]mj {^qns {][m\ amv. BsI IbpaXnbpsS 90% hpw bqtdmntemWv. Atacn, Im\U, Pm apXemb cmPyfmWv av {][m\ ampI. Cybn, {]tXyInv hSv Ing kwm\fnepw, sXt Cybnepw ]ccmKXambn ]mj {^qv sNdnb tXmXn hoSpIfnepw, apw Irjn sNbvXn. Nph C\amWv Cs\ Irjn sNbvXnXv. Fm Nne ZiIġv apv {ioebn \nw Xangv \mntepw, tIcfntepw sImph abn\w IqSpX AtbmPyambn Ip hcnIbpw sNbvXp. ]mjy {^qv Irjn Fs\ sNbmsa t\mmw.

Fs\bp ImemhbmWv ]mj {^qv Irjnv thXv?

]mj {^qv DjvW taJebnepw kaiotXmjvW taJebnepw \mbn hf. \ NqSpw, km{Xbpap ImemhbmWv ]mj {^qv Irjnv Daw. Dujvamhv, Bt]nI km{X, kqcy{]Imiw, ag apXembh ]mj {^qns hnfhnt\bpw, ImessZLytbpw, IoStcmK _m[Itfbpw hfscb[nIw kzm[o\n. hnns AcWw, hf, aqv, KpW\nehmcw XpSnbhsb Aco Dujvamhv hfscb[nIw kzm[o\nv. 18C apX 35C hsc ]mj {^qv hfsanepw 21C apX 25C hcbmWv Ghpw Daw. hfsc Xmgv Dujvamhv hf dpIbpw t]mjImwifpsS BKncWw kmhImiamIbpw As\ D]mZ\aX dbpIbpw sNp. antXmjvamhn (2328C) Imbv ]mIamIm 60 Znhkw aXn. Cu ssZLyw hfsc XmgvXpw DbXpamb Dujvamhn hyXymksSpXmbn ImWsSp.    

           ]mj {^qv kap{Z \ncn \nw 100 ao apX 1000 ao hsc Dbcn Irjn sNmhpXmWv. Dbcw IqSptmdpw ]mj {^qns Ime ssZLyw IqSnhXmbn ImWsSp. km[mcWbmbn 3 apX 5 hjwhsc ]mj {^qv sNSnI \ne\nsanepw 1200 apX 1400 ao hsc Dbcap efn 8 hjw hsc \ Imbv^ew Xnp kmlNcyfpapv. Aconse Bt]nI km{X GXmv 60% BWv ]mj {^qn\v Ghpw DambnpXv. Db Djvamhpw Xmgv Bt]nI km{Xbpw sNSnbpsS  Pemwiw thKw \sSppXn\m hfapcSnXn\v CSbmw. Db Bt]nI km{Xbpw XpSbmb agbpw IoStcmK_m[sb hnn. AXniamb Impaqew hnI Dept]mhpIbpw, ]qhpIfpw ImbvIfpw Ffpn hot]mIm CSbmIbpw sNp. Imns\ XSp \npXn\v {]Xntcm[ tijnbp apf, bqmen apXemb ac hp]nSnnv CXn \nw c t\SmhpXmWv. \ kqcy{]Imiw ]mj {^qns hfv BhiyamWv. 11 anqdpIfn IqSqX ssZLyap ]I Zn\fmWv Daw. Cs\bp kmlNcyn ]mj {^qv XpSbmbn ]pjvnIbpw an \ Pemwiw Dsn XpSbmbn Imbv^ew XcnIbpw sNp. \ kqcy{]Imiaptm ChbpsS ]q GItZiw 12 aWn hnSIbpw sshInv 34 aWn Btm hmSpIbpw sNp.

       ]mj {^qns XpSbmb \ hfpw Imbv^enw an Bhiyamb Pemwiw DmbncnWw. hjw apgphw {Iaambn e`n 800 apX 1750 annao agbmWv Ghpw A`nImayw. agbpsS A`mhn PetkN\w AXymhiyamWv. Pe Zue`yw aqew ImbpsS hf apcSnpXnw Ce, ]qhv, Imbv, apXembh s]mgnbpXnw CSbmw. agIqSpXep kmlNcyfn {]mWnI aqeap ]cmKWw XSsSpIbpw Bhiyamb {]Imiw e`nmXpsImv hnfhv dbpIbpw sNp.

GXp Xcw amWv ]mj {^qv Irjnv AtbmPyw?

]mj {^qv GXpanepw hfmsanepw aW IeXpw pH 6.5 7.5 hscbpXpw, \ \ohmbpXpamb ]inacmin amWv Daw. an ssPhmwiw Gsd BhiyamWv. ]mj {^qns th]Sew ans D]cnXetmSv tNmWv IqSpXepw ImXv. 60% thIfpw 30 sknao hscbp D]cnXen ImWsSp. th]Sens \ hfv {]mWhmbp Bb HmIvknPs e`yX hfsc BhiyamWv. CXn\mbn \ \ohm DdphWw Asæn th]Se kmh[m\w DWn\inXn\v CSbmIpw. AXpsImv 8% hsc Ncnhp e ]mj {^qv Irjnv Gsd AtbmPyamWv.

Irjnv tbmKyamb ]mj {^qv C\ GsXmamWv?

      temIn 600 ]cw ]mj {^qv kv]ojnkpI Dsnepw {][m\ambpw 3 C\fmWv \psS \mn IrjnsNvXphXv. Nphv, a, BImi shcn Fv hnfn Pbnv FnhbmWmh. au kzov Iv (Mountain sweet cup) F hnfn Nph C\w, ]mkn^vtfmd FSpenkv FSpenkv (Passiflora edulis edulis) F imkv{X\man AdnbsSp. {_ko BWv CXns PtZiw. Cfw NphpapX ISpw ]n hsc \ndap ChbpsS ImbvIġv GItZiw 5 sknao \ofhpw 30 apX 50 {Kmw hsc Xqhpapv. Chv a[pcw IqSpXepw ]pfn ckw dhpamWv.

       ]mkn^vtfmd FSpenkv ^vsfhnIm (Passiflora edulis  flavicarpa) F imkv{X\maapXpw tKmU ]mj {^qv (Golden Passion fruit) FhnfnspSpXpamb a C\w, ]n C\n \nw Dncnv hnpXmWv. ChbpsS ImbvI ISpw a\ndapXpw 6 sknao hsc \ofapXpw 100 {Kmw hsc XqapXpamWv. Chv ]n C\nt\m ]pfnckw IqSpXemWv. ]mkn^vtfmd Izm{Umqemcnkv (Passiflora quadrangularis) F imkv{X \maapXpw, Pbnv {K\mUn (Giant granadilla) Fv Cwnjn hnfnXpw, BImishcn Fv \mw ]dp hXpamb henb C\n\v 30 sknao hsc \ofhpw 500 {Kmw hsc Xqhpapv. aphsb At]nv CXn\v Nnbpw aWhpw dhmWv. _mwq Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) \nw Imthcn F t]cn H ]n C\w ]pdndnbnpvv. CXp IqSmsX ]ccmKXambn sNdnb tXmXn IrjnsNp \ \mS C\fpw \nehnepv. Db hnfhp XXpw \ KpWta DXpw, AXmXv tZin\v Ghpw CWnbXpamb C\fmWv Irjnmbn ip]mi sNsnpXv. Nphnepw abnepw Xs ImemhbpsS ASnm\n {][m\ambpw cpXcapv. kaXe {]tZiġv tbmPnXpw AXpt]mse Db {]tZiġv AtbmPyambXpw. cv {]tZiw Ht]mse Imcyaamb C\w Ctm \nehnen. kaXe {]tZin\v tbmPnh Db {]tZinw AXpt]mse Xncnpw D]bpa.   

Irjnmbn \So hkvXp XmdmXv Fs\?

          ]mj {^qv; hnpI aptJ\bpw, Xv th]nSnnpw, {Km^vv sNbvXpw, sebdp sNbvvXpw hfn FSpmhpXmWv. hnv apfnpXpw Xv apdnv \SpXpamWv CXn IqSpX {]mtbmKnIamb coXnI. hnns AcW tijn thKw \sSpsan\m ]pXnb hnv D]tbmKntXmWv. hnns BhcWw hfsc InIqSnbXmWv. BbXn\m cv Znhktmfw hnpI shůn apnhv t\gvkdnbn ]mIn apfnsSpmhpXmWv. 1020 ZnhkġIw hnv apfv hw. apfv cmgvNpn Chsb t]mfn_mKpIfntev ammhpXmWv. GXmv 30 sknaodn IqSpX hepamtm {][m\ \nentev amn \SmhpXmWv. t\gvkdnbn an _m[aqew sNSn hmSn hogpIbmsWn CtUm^n 23 {Kmw/en F \ncn XfnpsImSpmhpXmWv. Xv th]nSnnsSpXn\,v hnfshSpn\v tijw Ghpw \mbn hf hnIfn \nw ctm aqtm appIfp XpI apdnsSpv Ghpw Xmsgbp apn \nw Cebpw sS{Snepw \on IfbWw. av CeIfpsS ]Xn `mKw apdnv IfbpXv Pemwiw IqSpX \sSmXncnm \XmWv. Cs\ apdnsSp XpIfpsS NphSp`mKw td kabw shůn apnhWw. AXn tijw shůn \n ]pdsSpv Xn IqSpXembp Pew SpIfbpI. Xns NphSp `mKw sF._n.F tlmtamWn (IBA hormone) apn km[mcW t]mnwKv an{inXntem t\gvkdnbntem \v  IqsS IqsS PetkN\w \SpI. H amkn\Iw th]nSnph \mbn Iqv FSpXn\v tijw {][m\ \nentev amn\SmhpXpamWv. hnn \nv D]mZnn ssXIfmWv Xv th]nSnnsSpXnt\m ItdnbXpw IqSpX Imew \ne\nXpw. Fm Xv th]nSnnsSp ssXI t\cs ]qIbpw ImpIbpw sNp F am{Xa, amXrsNSnbpsS X\na \ne \npXpamWv. 

]mj {^qns hfm{]tXyIXI FsmamWv?

 AIqekmlNcyfn ]mj {^qns Xpw CeIfpw 8---mw amkw apX 11mw amkw hsc \mbn henw hv XpSpIbpw ]noSv hf kmh[m\amhpIbpw sNp. 5 mw amkw apX 12 mw amkw hsc [mcmfambn inJnc DmhpIbpw sNp. 9mw amkw apX ]pjv]nIbpw ImpIbpw sNp. ]mj {^qns th]Se 7mw amkw hsc kmh[m\w hf. AXn tijw 10mw amkw hsc AXnthKw hfv ]SIbpw, ]noSv kmh[m\nemIbpw sNp. th]Sens hfbpsS coXnbn XsbmWv t]mjI aqeyfpsS BKncWhpw. 7mw amkw hsc Imcyamb coXnbn t]mjI BKncWw sNpnsænepw AXn tijw henb tXmXn an \nw t]mjI aqey BKncWw sNpv, {]tXyInv Nitrogen, Potassium, Calcium,  Manganese, Iron apXembh.

]mj {^qv Irjnv ew sXcsSpXv Fs\bmWv?

]mj {^qns icnbmb hfpw, hnfhnw \ kqcy{]Imiw AXymhiyamWv. 1000 annao agsbnepap ew thWw sXcsSpm. agbpsS A`mhn \ PetkN\ kuIcyapmbncnWw. \ hfqdpXpw, pH 6.5 7.5 hsc DXpw, \ \ohmbpXpamb amWv Daw. shsv A`nImaya. henb Imns ieyanm 8% hsc Ncnhp efmWv ]mj{^qv Irjnv Ghpw AtbmPyambXv.

]mj {^qv Irjnv \new HXv Fs\bmWv?

]mj {^qv \SpXn\v Htm, ctm amkw apmbn \new HtXmWv. \nenep ImSpw ]Ifpw \on \mbn DgpXv  NmWIw, Itmv, ]nehfw apXembh tNv HXv hfsc \XmWv. icnbmb \nesam an th]Se \mbn ]Sv hym]nXnw agshw DundpXnw \ \ohm DdmXnw DZtIXmWv. IqSpX NpNhdpI Dsn Ah XobnSpXpaqew an IqsSbp IoStcmK _m[Isf \nb{nXn\v hfscb[nIw klmbnw.  

]mj {^qv Irjnv ] HXv Fs\bmWv?

]mj {^qv hnI GXp XmpIfnepw acfnepw hfmsanepw \ coXnbn ]env hfpXmWv Ghpw Imcyaamb coXn. am{Xhpa, km[mcW acfn ]Sv ]enm AhZnm Ah {ItaW \inp t]mhm CSbm. ]enSpXn\mbn 45 an AIen ImepIfnv Bhiyn\v Inbp InIfp]tbmKnv \mbn henpsIn ]enSpIbmWv km[mcWKXnbn sNpXv. Xmpac, Icn ]mfnI,  tIm{Iov XqI, Cpss]pI apXembh ImepIfmbn D]tbmKnmw. ]en\v 7 ASn s]msanepw DXmWv \Xv. ] iamb Imns\bpw agtbbpw AXnPohnm t]mXmbncnWw. ] \nmWw Ghpw sNethdnb HmWv. icnbmb ] \ coXnbn hnIġv ]Scmw, XSw IqSmsX ]cn]me\apdI bYmkabw sNmw, Ffpn hnfshSpmw klmbIamIWw. sNSnbpsS apgph Imehpw (67 hjw) ] \ne\nt XmWv.  

\Soenepw ]en ]Senepw FsmamWv {intXv?

       HcSnbn IqSpX hf Fnb ]mj {^qv sNSnI shbn DZnXn aptm, Asæn AkvXab tijtam ]dnp \SpXmWv Ghpw \Xv. ]dnp \bpSs\ XW sImSpXv \XmWv. 45 an AIenemWv \tSXvv. sNSnI hfXnkcnv sNdnb IpItfm Ibtdm D]tbmKnv ]entev ]Sn hntSXmWv. hnI \Xpt]mse ]en ]Sm ]ns sNSnv Xmv sImSpt Imcyan. hnbn \nw s]mnh imJI Npntepw {Iaambn ]Sn hnm hnI s]sv ]Sv ]enIbpw ]pjv]nv ImpIbpw sNpw. ]mj {^qns, {]tXyInv a C\fn kzbw ]cmKWw km[mcamXXpsImpw, NnekmlNcyfn ]cmKWn IqSnt]mepw ]qp ImmXp sImpw, hyXykvX C\ Htc ]en Xs hfpXmWv Ghpw A`nImayw. Cs\bmbm ]mcmKW {]iv\ XcWw sNphmw IqSpX hnfhpe`nmw klmbIcamw. Htc sNSnbn \nv Xs Xv th]nSnnXpw, HtcsNSnbn \n Xs Snj|IN svXv FSpXXpamb sNSnI am{Xw tXmn hfnbm ]cmKW {]iv\w Xqew Dm ^edhnw CSbmw.  

]mj {^qv Irjnbn If\nb{Ww Fs\bmWv?

       ]mj {^qns thI sNSnbpsS Nphn \nw 15 sknao apX 45 sknao  hsc Npfhn {]tXyInv 30 sknao  hscbp D]cnXen ImWsSpXn\m IqsS IqsS NphSnfXv \X. Nphn \nw 45 sknao AIenep IfI b{ D]tbmKnv \nb{nmhpXmWv. Nphnep IfI ssIsImv ]dnpampItbm If\min\nI D]tbmKnv \ow sNpItbm thWw. If\min\nI D]tbmKnXmWv Ffphpw AZmbIchpamb amw. CXn\mbn ssUbqtdm, t{_mamkn, sst^mtkv (2-3 kg/ha) apXemb If\min\nI D]tbmKnmhpXmWv.            

]mj {^qn\v t]mjWw Bhiyaptm?

]mj {^qv, ]pjvnv Imm XpSptXmsS t]mjI apeyfpsS BhiyIX hfsc hn. 1500 Hmfw sNSnIfp H sl ep \nw H hjw 205 Intem{Kmw ss\{SPv 17 Intem{Kmw t^mkv^dkv 184 Intem{Kmw s]mmknbw 152 Intem{Kmw Imknbw, 14 Intem{Kmw aojyw,  25 Intem{Kmw  k^, 3 Intem{Kmw am\okv Fns\ ]mj {^qv sNSnI hensNSp. t]mjImwifpsS A`mhw aqew sNSnIfpsS hf apcSnIbpw ]e Xcnepf t]mjI aqeym`mh eW ImWnIbpw sNbp. Cs\ sNSnIfn {]Xyam eW ]Tnv icnbmb coXnbn kaoIyXhpw, kwbpIvXhpamb hf t{]tbmK coXnI Ahew_ntXmWv. ]pjv]n kabp t]mjI \nbw \Sp\Xn\mbn {]qWov \Sm imJbpsS Xpw_p \nw \memas CebmWv FSptXv. 

]mj {^qv Irjnbn hf{]tbmKw Fs\bmWv?

]mj {^qns icnbmb hfpw hnfhnw \coXnbnep hf{]tbmKw BhiyamWv. sNSnbpsS hfmImeLs ASn\amn, \Sp kabpw, 24 hjw {]mbambhpw 4 hjn IqSpX {]mbambhpw Fns\ 3 coXnbnemWv hf{]tbmKw ip]mi sNbvXnpXv. ]mj {^qv sNSn \Sptm, sNSn Hn\v 5 Intem{Kmw ssPhhfhpw, 25:10:25 {Kmw F:]n:sIbpw sImSpWw. 24 hjw {]mbamb sNSnIġv 10 Intem{Kmw ssPhhfhpw, 80:30:60 {Kmw F:]n:sI bpw sNSn Hn\v \IWw. 4 hjn IqSpX {]mbamb sNSnIġv Htcm hjhpw 15 Intem{Kmw ssPhhfhpw, 150:50:100 {Kmw F:]n:sI bpw sNSn Hn\v \IWw. Ch \mtem AXn IqSpX XhWIfmtbm sImSpXmWv \Xv. Ch an IqSnbpw ]t]mjWw hgnbpw sImSpmhpXmWv. an hfw tNXn\v tijw \\p sImSpWw. kqva aqeIfpsS A`mhap efn Ahbpw AhiymkcWw tNv sImSptXmWv.    

]mj {^qns th]Se 60% hpw D]cnXen \nw 30 sknaodn\v AIpw, 70% hpw 45 sknaodn\v AIpw ImWmsSpXmbn XnsSpnbnpv. BbXn\m BZyhjn sNSnbpsS Nphn \nw 10 sknao apX 20 sknao hsc Npfhn hfw tNv sImSpXmWv \Xv. AXpt]mse {]mbamb tXmfn sNSnbpsS Nphn \nw 30 sknao apX H ao hsc AIen\v Nppambn hfw tNv sImSptXmWv.    

]mj {^qn\v  PetkN\w Bhiyaptm?

       agbneqsSbpw, PetkN\neqsSbpambn 1300 1500 annao hsc Pew ]mj {^qns icnbmb hfpw hnfhnw BhiyamWv. ag dhmb k`fn PetkN\w \IWw. {Iaamb PetkN\w XpSbmbp ]pjv]nenw, Imenw A\nhmcyamWv. ImbvI aqm XpSptXmsS Pemhiyw hn. Pens A`mhn Cebpw, ]qfpw, IbvIfpw s]mgnbpIbpw, ImbvI NpnNpfnv t]mhpIbpw sNp. B[p\nI coXnbnep IWnI PetkN\tam, kv{]nve coXntbm Ahew_nmhpXmWv. hymhkmbnI ASnm\nep IrjncoXnbn t]mjI aqey PetkN\neqsS \ t^ntKj coXnbpw \nehnepv.  

]mj {^qn {]qWnwKv (sImv tImX) Fs\bmWv?

sNSnI hfbnmsX apcSnv \n XpImeamWv {]qWnn\v ]nb kabw. tcmKw _m[nXpw DWnbXpamb Fm imJIfpw {]qWnneqsS apdnv amp. {]qWnn\v D]tbmKn InIfpw apw A hnapamm {]tXyIw {inWw. Pqssesk]vw_ amkfnse hnfshSpn\v tijamWv km[mcWbmbn {]qWnwKv \SpX.v {]qWnwKv aqew hfmtijn d `mK \osSpIbpw ]p XfnI DmhpIbpw sNp. Cs\ ]pXpXmbn Dmb imJIfnemWv ]pjv]fpw ImbvIfpw DmXv. Xqew hjw tXmdpw {Iaambn sNp {]qWnwKv, sNSnbpsS icnbmb hfpw Imbv^enw AXymhiyamW.v \nepIqSn]S hnIfpw {]qWnwKv kabv apdnv atXmWv.

]mj {^qv ]cmKWnse {]tXyIXI FsmamWv?

hjn cWvSpXhW ]mj {^qv ]qpw. tabv, Pq amkfnepw sk]vw_, HIvtSm_ amkfnepw ]mj {^qv Imbvpp. \v Hcphjw aXn Imbvm. tabv Pq amkfn 10.5 Znhkwhscbpw sk]vw_HIvtSm_ amkfn 28 Znhkwhscbpw ]qmew \oWvSp\n¡pw. ZznenwK]pjv]fmWv ]mj {^qnepXv. cmhnse 6 apX 7 aWnhscbmWv ]q hnScpXv. ]q CeIfpsS BIvknen Hbvmbn ImWsSpp. Av tIkcfpWvSv. aqv ssepI ASn`mKv IqSntpw apIfv 2,3 imJItfmSpIqSnb nIfmbpw ImWsSpp. n dnk]vohv BIpXn\pap]mbn tIkc ]qsmSn DXv]mZnnpp. HcpaWnpw \mepaWnpw CSbn Ghpw IqSpX tIkc ]mIamIpIbpw ]qsmSn hnXdpIbpw sNpw. AtXmsSmw Ghpw IqSpX ]cmKWw \SpIbpw sNpp. ]q sImgnbpw hsc n dnk]vohmbncnpw. ]q hfsc BIjIamb \ndtmSpw aWtmSpw DhbmWv. jUv]Zsf BIjnm\mbn [mcmfw ]qt\pw ]qsmSnbpw DXv]mZnnppWvSv. tX\oIfmWv {][m\ ]cmKW klmbnI. IqSmsX ssktemtm F Ims _okpw ]cmKWn\v klmbnpp. Gnkv skdm\, Gnkv sans^d, Gnkv tUmsk Fo tX\o C\fpw ]q kinpp. 

  
]mj {^qn {]tXyInv a C\n ]cmKW {]iv\ DXpsImv ssIsImv ]cmKWw sNpXpw, tX\o hfpXpw, hnpssXI D]tbmKnXpw, hyXykvX sNSnIfn \n XpI \Sm D]tbmKnXpw hnf h\hn\v  Ghpw ^e{]ZamWv.

]mj {^qv Irjnbn kky kwcWw Fs\bmWv?

       IoSfpw, tcmKfpw ]mj {^qns\ t\gvkdn apX _m[nmdpv. hnhn[ Xcnep ]pgp, HpI, an tcmK, \namhncI, sshdkv tcmK apXembh Iphcmdpv. hnhn[ \nb{Wam kwtbmPnXambn bYmkabw Ahew_nv Chsbmw Gsdsd \nb{nmhpXmWv. icnbmb ]cn]me\ apdI Ahew_npw, Bhiyamb t]mjI aqey \Inbpw, Xkabv PetkN\w \Snbpw sNSnIsf Iphbmm km[nw. ssPh \nb{WcoXnI Ahew_npw, tXmfn icnbmb ipNnXzw ]menpw, IfIsf bYmkabw \nb{npw, AXymhiyLfn cmk IoS\min\nI D]tbmKnpw Chsb \nb{nhpXmWv. Znhtk\bp \ncoWfneqsS IoS tcmK _m[I Bcw`nse IsWw. XpSn Im IoSfpw, tcmKw _m[n `mKfpw ]qambpw \innv IfbWw. ]qfn ]cmKWw \S kabv IoS\min\n {]tbmK \SXv. AXncmhntetbm, kmbwImesm am{Xta tkv{]bnwKv \Smhq. Imbv CuI, ]pgp, Cet], aoenap kvsIbn CskIvv Fnhsb \nb{nXn\v Ahkm\amsa \nebn amentbm 1.5 In.{Kw/slIv F tXmXn slIvdn\v 500en F In Xfnmw. acn (mites) B{IaWs sNm\mbn 2.5 In.{Kw H slIv F IWn shůn ebn k^ XfnhpXmWv. Cepn tcmKhpw, thNobepw BWv {][m\s tcmK. Chsb \nb{nh\mbn CsUm^n 23 {Kw/en F IWn Xfnp sImSpmhpXmWv.

]eXcnep sshdv tcmK ]mj {^qn Iph. tcmKw _m[n `mK XpSnte \innpIfpw, sshdpIsf ]cp IoSsf \innpw, hnp ssXI \Sm\mbn D]tbmKnpw, sshdkv _m[sb H ]cn[nhsc \nb{nhpmWv.     

]mj {^qv Irjnbn hnfshSpv Fs\bmWv?

       ]mj {^qn km[mcWbmbn cv hnfshSpv Imeapv. Pq apX HmKv hscbpw, \hw_ apX Phcn hscbpw. H kok am{Xap C\fn ssabv apX HIvtSm_ hscbmWv hnfshSpv Imew. ]cmKWn tijw 7080 Znhk sImv ImbvI aqv ]mIamIpw. aqv ]gpv XpSp ImbvI Xmsg hoWXn tijamWv s]dpn FSpXv. Cs\ icnbmbn aqv ]gp ImbvIġv am{Xta \ Nnbpw aWhpw DmhpIbpp. Bgvbn cp aq {]mhiyw Cs\ ]g tiJcnmw. H sNSnbn \nw GXmv 5 Intem{Kmw hnfhv e`nw. H slIvdn \nw 710 S hscbmWv km[mcW hnfhv. 40 S hscbp hnfhpIfpw dntmv sNvXnpv. ]mj {^qv sNSnI 710 hjw hsc \ne\nw. 35 hjw hscbmWv H tXmw BZmbIcambncnIbpp. AXn tijw Bh\Irjn sNpXmWv \Xv.  

]mj {^qv  kwkvIcWw Fs\bmWv?

       ]mj {^qv, P}kv kwkvIcnv FSpXn\mbn D]tbmKn. P}kv  Bbn hn]W\w \Sp. IqSmsX P}kv D]tbmKnv ioXf ]m\nb, sFkv{Iow, t_dn km[\ apXembh Dm. \ ipnbmb ]g 100c 3 Bgvhsc KpWta \sSmsX t]mfno _mKpIfn kqnmw.   

]mj {^qnse KpWtam LSI FsmamWv?

]mj{^qv ]gn\v AIv,  Idpv \ndnep sNdnb hnpI Dv. Hmtcm hnpw abpw, Hmdpw Ie \ndnep P}kSnb knbm Npsncn. ]j {^qv GItZiw pH 3.2 AXzap ^eamWv. hnhn[ A BWv CXnImcWw. Chbn 90% IqSpXepw kn{SnIv BknUv BWv. _mn amenv BknUpw. {^qv P}kn GItZiw 15% ]kmc ASnbncn. ]kmcbpw Ahpw Xnep A]mXw ]n ]mj {^qn 5:1 Dw a C\n 3:8 Dw BWv. Nph C\w s]mXpth IqSpX a[pcapXmWv. IqSmsX 2.2 % t{]mnw, 0.7% sImgppw ASnbnpv. ]mj{^qn [mcmfw s]mmkyhpw, sshan knbpw, \nbmknw, ss^_w ASnbncn.    tkmUnbhpw tImft{mfpw hfscdhmWv. CXpIqSmsX hnhn[ Xcw A¡tembnUpIfpw, sstImsskUpIfpw, ^vsfhnt\mbnUpIfpw ]mj {^qn Dv . ChbpsS Fmw kmn[ym ]mj{^qv P}kn\v hfscb[nIw Huj[KpW Dv. CXn ASnbncn ]mn^vtfmdn F cmk]ZmamWv thZ\ \nhmcWnw, imcocnI Dtjnw ImcWamXv. 

]mj {^qns D]tbmK  FsmamWv?

]mj{^qv P}kn\v thZ\ iannmw, hncIsf AImw, lyZb \mUo tcmKsfbpw, Imkdns\bpw iannmap Ignhpv. ]mj {^qns DWnb ]q XnfnsSp shw thZ\kwlmcnbmbn ]ecmPyfnepw  D]tbmKnmdpv. ]mj{^qv P}kv ap ]e P}kpambn tNv hnhn[ Xcw Nnbpw aWhpw D ]m\nbfpmm D]tbmKn. ]mj {^qv, hnhn[ Xcw kmeUpI, k_pI, sFkv{IoapI, PmapI, ioXf ]m\nb apXembh Dmm D]tbmKn. ]mj {^qv P}kv XpSbmbn IgnXpaqew am\knI kwLjw, Ddanmbva, Bkva, Npa, ssat{K t]msebp XethZ\I, Zl\ kw_amb {IatISpI, Bh kw_amb {]iv\ XpSnbh ianhmw klmbn.  

]mj {^qv t]msebp \qX\ hnfI IrjnsNpXv BZmbnw BtcmKynw A`nImayamWv. am{Xa {Kma{]tZip sXmgn clnXv sXmgnZmbIhpw, hyhkmb hfv klmbIhpamWv. Cs\ \psS `y BtcmKy, sXmgn kpcv ]mjy {^qv t]msebp \qX\ hnfI hfsc A[nIw klmbnw.

IqSpX hnhcġv: 

t^m : +91 485 2260832

^mIvkv : +91 485 2260832

samss_ : +91 9446010905

ta hnemkw:  Atmntbv s{]m^k & slUv, ss]\mn KthjW tI{w (tIcf ImjnI kIemime), hmgfw, aphmp]pg, FdWmfw Pn, tIcfw,  ]n686 670

Cu sabn: prsvkm@kau.in

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Quality People, Infrastructure & Work Culture for Quality Technology, Products & Services. Merit alone counts for quality suitable for the purpose. One has know-how only when it is proven in real life.Copyright 2010 Pineapple Research Station, Kerala Agricultural University. Best viewed in IE 5.5 or above, 1024x768 screen, scripts enabled. Last modified: 05 Jul 2014. Webmaster: Dr. P. P. Joy, Associate Professor & Head, Pineapple Research Station (Kerala  Agricultural  University), Vazhakulam, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam District, Kerala, India, PIN-686 670, Tel. & Fax: +91 485 2260832, Cell: +919446010905, E-mail: prsvkm@kau.in. Constructive comments, suggestions and criticisms are most welcome and please mail to prsvkm@gmail.com.